Food and nutrient intakes for families in Taipei, Taiwan

Li-Ching Lyu, Ya Ping Yu, Jung Sheng Lee, Jia Hui Lin, Huei I. Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The main purpose of this study is to examine food consumption and food security issues for families in urbanized Taiwan using household interviews ( n = 240), and to collect dietary information from each family member ( n = 882) using 24-h recalls and Chinese food frequency questionnaires (CFFQ). We developed a local food composition table suitable for families with children and intend to explore the possible nutritional risk and needs for low-income families ( n = 30) compared to middle-income families ( n = 210). The average frequency of shopping for food was 3 times per week, and the most influential persons for family food intake were mothers (46%) and children (26%). The low-income families had more frequent food security worries than middle-income families (72 versus 10 times/year, respectively) and provided significantly fewer dairy products, fruits and fish in daily meals. From 24-h recalls, parents had significantly higher alcohol intake in low-income families than middle-income families. From CFFQ, fathers had consistently strong associations for calcium and iron with daughters ( r = 0.34, 0.30) and sons ( r = 0.28, 0.30); however mothers had strong associations for vitamin B1 and vitamin B2 with daughters ( r = 0.21, 0.24) and sons ( r = 0.25, 0.27). Issues of food insecurity and disadvantages in nutrient consumption are of concern for low-income families in urbanized Taiwan.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Food Composition and Analysis
Volume19
Issue numberSUPPL.
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006 Aug 1

Keywords

  • Food composition table
  • Food security
  • Low-income family
  • Nutrient intakes
  • Taiwan

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science

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