We present a direct observation of a flipping magnetization of a uniform Fe film/wedged-Mn bilayer induced by a biquadratic-type exchange coupling established at the interface. The element-resolved magnetic imaging shows that the Fe film exhibited a flipping of magnetization between the [1̄00] and  directions with a periodicity of one monolayer Mn thickness as below a critical temperature. The enhancement of the variation angle with the increase of Mn thickness follows the tendency of the finite-size effect of antiferromagnetism on interface exchange coupling. The flipping magnetization emerging coincidentally with the uncompensated-compensated transition of Mn magnetic surface indicates a frustration-induced biquadratic-type interface exchange coupling, and suggests a layered-like uncompensated AFM ordering for the Mn layer.
|Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
|Published - 2012 Mar 7
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics