Ferulidilol: A vasodilatory and antioxidant adrenoceptor and calcium entry blocker, with ancillary β2-agonist activity

Yeun Chih Huang, Jwu Lai Yeh, Bin Nan Wu, Yi Ching Lo, Jhy Chong Liang, Young Tso Lin, Sheng Hsiung Sheu, Ing Jun Chen*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)


Intravenous injection of ferulidilol (0.5, 1.0, 1.5 mg kg-1) produced dose-dependent hypotensive and bradycardia responses in pentobarbital- anesthetized Wistar rats. Ferulidilol competitively antagonized (- )isoprenaline-induced positive inotropic and chronotropic effects of the atria and tracheal relaxation responses on isolated guinea pig tissues. The parallel shift to the right of the concentration-response curve of (- )isoprenaline suggested that ferulidilol was a β-adrenoceptor antagonist. The apparent pA2 values were 8.04 ± 0.09 for the right atria, 8.03 ± 0.15 for the left atria, and 7.51 ± 0.06 for the trachea, respectively. Ferulidilol was more potent than labetalol. In thoracic aorta experiments, ferulidilol also produced a competitive antagonism of norepinephrine- and CaCl2-induced contraction with pA2 and pKCa-1 values of 7.05 ± 0.03 and 6.04 ± 0.05, respectively. Ferulidilol produced cumulative relaxation responses on isolated tracheal strips from reserpine-treated guinea pigs. The effects were competitively antagonized by ICl 118,551 (10-8-10-6 M), a relatively selective β2-adrenoceptor antagonist. The results implied that ferulidilol had partial β2-agonist activity. In the radioligand binding assay, ferulidilol produced dose-dependent inhibition of [3H]CGP-12177 binding to rat ventricle and lung membranes with K(i) values of 3.40 and 17.94 nM, respectively. In addition, ferulidilol also antagonized [3H]prazosin and [3H]nitrendipine binding to rat brain membrane with K(i) values of 32.48 and 305.01 nM, respectively. These results further confirmed the α/β and calcium entry blocking activities of ferulidilol described in functional studies. Furthermore, ferulidilol (10-8-10-5 M] inhibited lipid peroxidation induced by Fe2+ and ascorbic acid, indicating that it possesses the antioxidant activity inherent in ferulic acid. Our results demonstrate that ferulidilol is a new generation α/β-adrenoceptor blocker with ancillary calcium entry blockade, partial β2-agonist activities and additional antioxidant effects.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)77-89
Number of pages13
JournalDrug Development Research
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1999
Externally publishedYes


  • Antioxidant activity
  • Ferulic acid
  • Partial β-agonist activity
  • α/β-adrenoceptor blockade

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Drug Discovery


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