Feasibility assessment of thermal management system for green power sources using nanofluid

Yi Hsuan Hung*, Jyun Hong Chen, Tun Ping Teng

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Citations (Scopus)


A thermal management system using alumina (Al2O 3)/water as the nanofluid for green power sources was experimentally assessed in this paper. Basic thermal principles and formulas were utilized to evaluate the performance of an air-cooled heat exchanger. The Al 2O3/water nanofluid was produced at the concentrations of 0.5, 1.0, and 1.5 wt.%. The testing conditions of this experiments were above three concentrations, five coolant flow rates (0.8, 1.2, 1.6, 2.0, and 2.4 L/min.), and three heating powers (50, 100, and 150 W). Firstly, basic properties of nanoparticles were analyzed. Fundamental relationships of the Al2O3/water nanofluid with respect to temperatures and concentrations were measured such as: viscosity, density, and specific heat. Next, an innovative concept named efficiency factor (EF) was proposed to quantitatively evaluate the thermal system performance. The enhancement of thermal system performance compared with distilled water was then defined as an efficiency factor ratio (REF). The experimental results demonstrated that the efficiency factor ratios were optimal at low flow rate (0.8 L/min.) and low concentration (0.5%). Values of REF were all below 1.0 at high flow rates (1.2-2.4 L/min.). This research points out the direction of optimizing a thermal management system for green energy sources in the near future.

Original languageEnglish
Article number321261
JournalJournal of Nanomaterials
Publication statusPublished - 2013

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science


Dive into the research topics of 'Feasibility assessment of thermal management system for green power sources using nanofluid'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this