Fault activity and lateral extrusion inferred from velocity field revealed by GPS measurements in the Pingtung area of southwestern Taiwan

Jyr Ching Hu, Chin Shyong Hou, Li Chung Shen, Yu Chang Chan, Rou Fei Chen, Chung Huang, Ruey Juin Rau, Kate Hui Hsuan Chen, Chii Wen Lin, Mong Han Huang, Pei Fen Nien

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26 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Four campaigns of dense GPS measurements have been conducted since 1995 to investigate crustal deformation patterns in SW Taiwan. The station velocities decrease westwards from 42.2 to 55.5 mm/yr along the azimuths from 247.1° to 272.5°. In central part of the study area, GPS stations move nearly toward the west, whereas in the Pingtung-Kaohsiung coastal area, displacement vectors demonstrate a clear counter-clockwise deviation toward the SW. The transtensional deformation and the along-strike variation of southward increase of extensional deformation is due to the low lateral confining conditions related to the Manila subduction zone as a free boundary or/and the presence of the prominent Peikang High as a rigid indentor. The Chishan Fault is dominated by right-lateral motion with a fault slip rate ∼7 mm/yr in a N50°W direction. The Kaoping Fault is dominated by left-lateral motion with a ∼4-8 mm/yr in a N-S direction. The significant right-lateral component of motion of ∼24-30 mm/yr is accommodated along the active structures west of the Chishan Fault. The right-lateral and left-lateral structures facilitate the southwestward extrusion. The velocity gradients of the GPS stations across the Chaochou Fault are not significant. This implies that the Chaochou Fault is locked along the fault plane.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)287-302
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Asian Earth Sciences
Volume31
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007 Nov 15

Keywords

  • Active fault
  • Crustal deformation
  • GPS
  • Taiwan

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geology
  • Earth-Surface Processes

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    Hu, J. C., Hou, C. S., Shen, L. C., Chan, Y. C., Chen, R. F., Huang, C., Rau, R. J., Chen, K. H. H., Lin, C. W., Huang, M. H., & Nien, P. F. (2007). Fault activity and lateral extrusion inferred from velocity field revealed by GPS measurements in the Pingtung area of southwestern Taiwan. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 31(3), 287-302. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jseaes.2006.07.020