Factors associated with university students' intention to receive human papillomavirus vaccination in northern Taiwan: A heath belief model approach

Li Yun Huang, Fong Ching Chang, Nae Fang Miao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives: The purpose of this study was to explore factors associated with university students' intention to receive human papillomavirus vaccination (HPV). Methods: Using the purposive sampling method, the present study queried 533 undergraduate students from three universities in northern Taiwan in 2015. Self-administered structured questionnaires were used. The effective response rate was 97%. Multivariate regression was used to analyze the data. Results: Overall, university students had average/high scores for their level of knowledge about HPV. HPV cues to action were mainly from schools, media and healthcare providers. HPV cues to action, perceived susceptibility, perceived benefits, and self-efficacy were positively associated with intention for HPV vaccination, while perceived barriers was negatively associated with such intention. Generally speaking, HPV cues to action, perceived susceptibility to HPV, and self-efficacy could predict intention for HPV vaccination. By gender, the factors associated with male students' HPV intention included perceived susceptibility to HPV and self-efficacy; female students' factors included grade, cue to action and self-efficacy. Conclusions: We suggest that health sectors should increase exposure to messages about the HPV vaccine in order to increase cues to action, and conduct HPV educational activities to improve students' perceived susceptibility and self-efficacy with regard to HPV vaccination.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)77-86
Number of pages10
JournalTaiwan Journal of Public Health
Volume36
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Feb 1

Fingerprint

Taiwan
Vaccination
Students
Self Efficacy
Cues
Papillomavirus Vaccines
Health Personnel

Keywords

  • Health belief model
  • HPV vaccination intention
  • HPV vaccine
  • University students

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

@article{338a1ece6b534c3e9c03e317d334a789,
title = "Factors associated with university students' intention to receive human papillomavirus vaccination in northern Taiwan: A heath belief model approach",
abstract = "Objectives: The purpose of this study was to explore factors associated with university students' intention to receive human papillomavirus vaccination (HPV). Methods: Using the purposive sampling method, the present study queried 533 undergraduate students from three universities in northern Taiwan in 2015. Self-administered structured questionnaires were used. The effective response rate was 97{\%}. Multivariate regression was used to analyze the data. Results: Overall, university students had average/high scores for their level of knowledge about HPV. HPV cues to action were mainly from schools, media and healthcare providers. HPV cues to action, perceived susceptibility, perceived benefits, and self-efficacy were positively associated with intention for HPV vaccination, while perceived barriers was negatively associated with such intention. Generally speaking, HPV cues to action, perceived susceptibility to HPV, and self-efficacy could predict intention for HPV vaccination. By gender, the factors associated with male students' HPV intention included perceived susceptibility to HPV and self-efficacy; female students' factors included grade, cue to action and self-efficacy. Conclusions: We suggest that health sectors should increase exposure to messages about the HPV vaccine in order to increase cues to action, and conduct HPV educational activities to improve students' perceived susceptibility and self-efficacy with regard to HPV vaccination.",
keywords = "Health belief model, HPV vaccination intention, HPV vaccine, University students",
author = "Huang, {Li Yun} and Chang, {Fong Ching} and Miao, {Nae Fang}",
year = "2017",
month = "2",
day = "1",
doi = "10.6288/TJPH201736105095",
language = "English",
volume = "36",
pages = "77--86",
journal = "Chinese Journal of Public Health",
issn = "1023-2141",
publisher = "臺灣公共衛生學會",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Factors associated with university students' intention to receive human papillomavirus vaccination in northern Taiwan

T2 - A heath belief model approach

AU - Huang, Li Yun

AU - Chang, Fong Ching

AU - Miao, Nae Fang

PY - 2017/2/1

Y1 - 2017/2/1

N2 - Objectives: The purpose of this study was to explore factors associated with university students' intention to receive human papillomavirus vaccination (HPV). Methods: Using the purposive sampling method, the present study queried 533 undergraduate students from three universities in northern Taiwan in 2015. Self-administered structured questionnaires were used. The effective response rate was 97%. Multivariate regression was used to analyze the data. Results: Overall, university students had average/high scores for their level of knowledge about HPV. HPV cues to action were mainly from schools, media and healthcare providers. HPV cues to action, perceived susceptibility, perceived benefits, and self-efficacy were positively associated with intention for HPV vaccination, while perceived barriers was negatively associated with such intention. Generally speaking, HPV cues to action, perceived susceptibility to HPV, and self-efficacy could predict intention for HPV vaccination. By gender, the factors associated with male students' HPV intention included perceived susceptibility to HPV and self-efficacy; female students' factors included grade, cue to action and self-efficacy. Conclusions: We suggest that health sectors should increase exposure to messages about the HPV vaccine in order to increase cues to action, and conduct HPV educational activities to improve students' perceived susceptibility and self-efficacy with regard to HPV vaccination.

AB - Objectives: The purpose of this study was to explore factors associated with university students' intention to receive human papillomavirus vaccination (HPV). Methods: Using the purposive sampling method, the present study queried 533 undergraduate students from three universities in northern Taiwan in 2015. Self-administered structured questionnaires were used. The effective response rate was 97%. Multivariate regression was used to analyze the data. Results: Overall, university students had average/high scores for their level of knowledge about HPV. HPV cues to action were mainly from schools, media and healthcare providers. HPV cues to action, perceived susceptibility, perceived benefits, and self-efficacy were positively associated with intention for HPV vaccination, while perceived barriers was negatively associated with such intention. Generally speaking, HPV cues to action, perceived susceptibility to HPV, and self-efficacy could predict intention for HPV vaccination. By gender, the factors associated with male students' HPV intention included perceived susceptibility to HPV and self-efficacy; female students' factors included grade, cue to action and self-efficacy. Conclusions: We suggest that health sectors should increase exposure to messages about the HPV vaccine in order to increase cues to action, and conduct HPV educational activities to improve students' perceived susceptibility and self-efficacy with regard to HPV vaccination.

KW - Health belief model

KW - HPV vaccination intention

KW - HPV vaccine

KW - University students

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85017141211&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85017141211&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.6288/TJPH201736105095

DO - 10.6288/TJPH201736105095

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85017141211

VL - 36

SP - 77

EP - 86

JO - Chinese Journal of Public Health

JF - Chinese Journal of Public Health

SN - 1023-2141

IS - 1

ER -