Expert-novice differences in SMR activity during dart throwing

Ming Yang Cheng, Chiao Ling Hung, Chung Ju Huang, Yu Kai Chang, Li Chuan Lo, Cheng Shen, Tsung Min Hung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Previous evidence suggests that augmented sensorimotor rhythm (SMR) activity is related to the superior regulation of processing cognitive-motor information in motor performance. However, no published studies have examined the relationship between SMR and performance in precision sports; thus, this study examined the relationship between SMR activity and the level of skilled performance in tasks requiring high levels of attention (e.g., dart throwing). We hypothesized that skilled performance would be associated with higher SMR activity. Fourteen dart-throwing experts and eleven novices were recruited. Participants were requested to perform 60 dart throws while EEG was recorded. The 2(Group: Expert, Novice). ×. 2(Time window: -2000. ms to -1000. ms, -1000. ms to 0. ms) ANOVA showed that the dart-throwing experts maintained a relatively higher SMR power than the novices before dart release. These results suggest that SMR might reflect the adaptive regulation of cognitive-motor processing during the preparatory period.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)212-218
Number of pages7
JournalBiological Psychology
Volume110
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Sep 1

Keywords

  • Attention
  • EEG
  • Efficiency
  • Precision sports
  • Sensorimotor rhythm

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology

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  • Cite this

    Cheng, M. Y., Hung, C. L., Huang, C. J., Chang, Y. K., Lo, L. C., Shen, C., & Hung, T. M. (2015). Expert-novice differences in SMR activity during dart throwing. Biological Psychology, 110, 212-218. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biopsycho.2015.08.003