Experimental study on thermal conductivity of lubricant containing nanoparticles

Ching Song Jwo, Lung Yue Jeng, Ho Chang, Tun-Ping Teng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this study, the Al2O3 nanofluids produced from the direct synthesis method were used as the experimental samples, and ultrasonic vibration was used for dispersing the nanoparticles into three types of different weight fractions (1.0, 1.5, 2.0 wt.%). The base solvent was the lubricant of R-134a refrigeration system. The objectives of this study were to discuss the dependence of thermal conductivity of Al2O3 nanofluids on the temperature (20-40 °C) under different weight fractions. This experiment used the thermostatic bath to stabilize the temperature of sample, and the transient hot-wire method to measure the thermal conductivity in the nanofluids of different weight fractions and sample temperature. The results showed that the thermal conductivities were enhanced by 2.0%, 4.6%, and 2.5% when the nanoparticles of Al2O3 of 1.0, 1.5, and 2.0 wt.% were added at 40 °C. Among them, the optimal enhancement of the thermal conductivity was at 1.5 wt.%. The enhancement of thermal conductivity did not grow with the increase of weight ratios, and it was obviously different from the general nanofluids with lubricant as the basic solvent. Besides, thermal conductivities increased from 1.5 to 4.6% when the sample temperatures were from 20 °C to 40 °C at 1.5 wt.%, and the trend of growth rates of the thermal conductivity was proportional to temperature. From the results, it can be realized that temperature has greater effects than weight fraction on the increase of thermal conductivities. Thus, it is better for nanpfluids of Al2O3 to be applied in the high temperature field than in the low temperature field.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)662-668
Number of pages7
JournalReviews on Advanced Materials Science
Volume18
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Dec 1

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lubricants
Lubricants
Thermal conductivity
thermal conductivity
Nanoparticles
nanoparticles
norflurane
Temperature
temperature
Temperature distribution
temperature distribution
augmentation
dispersing
Refrigeration
Vibrations (mechanical)
baths
ultrasonics
Ultrasonics
wire
Wire

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

Experimental study on thermal conductivity of lubricant containing nanoparticles. / Jwo, Ching Song; Jeng, Lung Yue; Chang, Ho; Teng, Tun-Ping.

In: Reviews on Advanced Materials Science, Vol. 18, No. 7, 01.12.2008, p. 662-668.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Jwo, Ching Song ; Jeng, Lung Yue ; Chang, Ho ; Teng, Tun-Ping. / Experimental study on thermal conductivity of lubricant containing nanoparticles. In: Reviews on Advanced Materials Science. 2008 ; Vol. 18, No. 7. pp. 662-668.
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abstract = "In this study, the Al2O3 nanofluids produced from the direct synthesis method were used as the experimental samples, and ultrasonic vibration was used for dispersing the nanoparticles into three types of different weight fractions (1.0, 1.5, 2.0 wt.{\%}). The base solvent was the lubricant of R-134a refrigeration system. The objectives of this study were to discuss the dependence of thermal conductivity of Al2O3 nanofluids on the temperature (20-40 °C) under different weight fractions. This experiment used the thermostatic bath to stabilize the temperature of sample, and the transient hot-wire method to measure the thermal conductivity in the nanofluids of different weight fractions and sample temperature. The results showed that the thermal conductivities were enhanced by 2.0{\%}, 4.6{\%}, and 2.5{\%} when the nanoparticles of Al2O3 of 1.0, 1.5, and 2.0 wt.{\%} were added at 40 °C. Among them, the optimal enhancement of the thermal conductivity was at 1.5 wt.{\%}. The enhancement of thermal conductivity did not grow with the increase of weight ratios, and it was obviously different from the general nanofluids with lubricant as the basic solvent. Besides, thermal conductivities increased from 1.5 to 4.6{\%} when the sample temperatures were from 20 °C to 40 °C at 1.5 wt.{\%}, and the trend of growth rates of the thermal conductivity was proportional to temperature. From the results, it can be realized that temperature has greater effects than weight fraction on the increase of thermal conductivities. Thus, it is better for nanpfluids of Al2O3 to be applied in the high temperature field than in the low temperature field.",
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