Exercise type relates to inhibitory and error processing functions in older adults

Dan Li, Chung Ju Huang, Sin Chi Liu, Kung Hung Chang, Tsung Min Hung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study investigated the association between exercise type and inhibition of prepotent responses and error detection. Totally, 75 adults (M = 68.88 years) were classified into one of three exercise groups: those who were regular participants in open- or closed-skill forms of exercise, and those who exercised only irregularly. The participants completed a Stroop and task-switching tasks with event-related brain potentials (ERPs) recorded. The results revealed that regular exercisers displayed faster reaction times (RTs) in the Stroop task compared with irregular exercisers. The open-skill exercisers exhibited smaller N200 and larger P300a amplitudes in the Stroop task compared with irregular exercisers. Furthermore, the open-skill exercisers showed a tendency of shorter error-related negativity latencies at the task-witching test. The findings suggest that older adults may gain extra cognitive benefits in areas such as inhibition functioning and error processing from participating in open-skill forms of physical exercises.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)865-881
Number of pages17
JournalAging, Neuropsychology, and Cognition
Volume26
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2018 Jan 1

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Keywords

  • aging
  • error detection
  • Executive function
  • physical activity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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