Exercise and fitness modulate cognitive function in older adults

Chien Heng Chu, Ai Guo Chen, Tsung Min Hung, Chun Chih Wang, Yu Kai Chang*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

37 Citations (Scopus)


This study investigated the effects of acute exercise on cognitive function and the modulatory role of fitness in the relationship between exercise and cognition. Forty-six healthy older adults, categorized into higher or lower fitness groups, completed the Stroop test after both 30 min of aerobic exercise and a reading control with a counterbalanced order. Our findings demonstrated that acute exercise leads to general improvements in 2 types of cognitive functions and to specific improvements in executive function. Additionally, older adults with initially higher fitness levels experienced greater beneficial effects from acute exercise.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)842-848
Number of pages7
JournalPsychology and Aging
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2015


  • Aerobic exercise
  • Cognition
  • Executive function
  • Inhibition
  • Stroop test

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Ageing
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology


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