Exchange bias of ultrathin CoO/Co bilayers on Ge(1 1 1) and Ge(1 0 0) surfaces

Huang Wei Chang, Jyh Shen Tsay*, Shin Chen Chang, Po Ching Chuang, Yeong Der Yao

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


Exchange-bias phenomena of ultrathin antiferromagnetic/ferromagnetic bilayers on a semiconductor surface have been experimentally investigated. We demonstrate that 5 monolayers CoO with a face centered cubic structure are sufficient for the occurrence of exchange-bias phenomena for a CoO/Co/Ge(1 1 1) system. By increasing the thickness of the CoO layer to 10 monolayers, the increase of the exchange bias field to a maximum value of 0.58 kOe is observed and can be attributed to the increasing anisotropy energy of antiferromagnetic layer and the increasing number of pinned uncompensated spins at the interface. The pinning of magnetic moments at the CoO/Co interface results in that 3.6 monolayers Co do not contribute to the magneto-optical responses. However, for a CoO/Co/Ge(1 0 0) system, the commencement for exchange bias and the maximum exchange bias field are postponed to larger CoO thicknesses. This is mainly attributed to the discontinuous CoO layer on a disordered Co layer which is formed due to the looseness of the Ge(1 0 0) surface.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)69-73
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Alloys and Compounds
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Jun 15


  • Bilayer
  • Exchange bias
  • Magnetic thin films
  • Oxide

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry


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