Examining the Structure of the Career Adapt-Abilities Scale: The Cooperation Dimension and a Five-Factor Model

Christopher D. Nye*, Frederick Leong, Joshua Prasad, Danielle Gardner, Hsiu Lan Shelley Tien

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)


The Career Adapt-Abilities Scale (CAAS), a measure developed to evaluate an individual’s level of career adaptability, was initially validated as consisting of four factors (concern, control, curiosity, and confidence). The following study explores the structural validity of the CAAS when a fifth factor, cooperation, is included. Beyond examining the structural validity, we additionally conducted a cross-cultural validation of the five-factor model across American, Chinese, and Taiwanese samples. Our cross-cultural comparisons provided some support for the factorial equivalence of the five-factor Career Adapt-Abilities Scale (CAAS-5) in terms of the configural model. However, the results for the scalar model gave some indication of nonequivalence. Follow-up analyses showed that all items functioned similarly across groups, suggesting that small deviations in item functioning may have resulted in nonequivalence when aggregated to the scale level. Given the conceptual importance of cooperation’s inclusion, we contend that future research on career adaptability should explore the CAAS-5 further.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)549-562
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Career Assessment
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Aug 1


  • career adaptability
  • cross-cultural comparisons
  • interpersonal adaptability
  • measurement equivalence
  • structural validity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology
  • General Psychology
  • Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management


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