Variations in mitochondrial DNA in Cyclobalanopsis glauca (Thunb. ex Murray) Oerst. were studied in 140 trees from 32 populations collected from within the tree's natural range. By sequencing two mitochondrial DNA intron fragments (nad4/3-nad4/4r and nad7/2-nad7/ 3r), we revealed a total of 1788 bp and five polymorphic sites which allowed us to distinguish six mitotypes. The mitochondrial DNA markers provided replicated data to support population phylogeographical scenarios suggested previously using chloroplastic DNA markers. The gene genealogical tree of mitochondrial DNA was partially congruent with the chloroplastic DNA tree owing to the slower mutation rate and different mutational direction. Significant linkage disequilibrium existed between the two organellar genomes. Further paring analyses between fragments synthesized using different primers, accompanied by exclusion of polymorphic sites, showed that the random association could be attributed specifically to one of the polymorphic sites of the petG-trnP fragment of the chloroplastic genome, and the three polymorphic sites of the nad4/3-nad4/4r fragment of the mitochondrial genome. The former was inferred to derive from paternal leakage, and the latter from recurrent mutation. These polymorphic sites were also responsible for uncoupling of the combined gene tree of mitotype and chlorotype. In conclusion, specific fragments found in this study contribute to the incomplete congruence of the two organellar lineages that otherwise associate well phylogeographically.
- Cyclobalanopsis glauca
- Linkage disequilibrium
- mtDNA-cpDNA association
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics