Evaluation of driving performance and energy efficiency for a novel full hybrid system with dual-motor electric drive and integrated input- and output-split e-CVT

Cheng Ta Chung, Chien Hsun Wu, Yi Hsuan Hung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This paper presents a novel full hybrid electric vehicle (HEV) with power split electronic-continuously variable transmission (e-CVT) capable of providing dual-motor drive at purely electric drive and operating under either the input-split or output-split mode at hybrid drive. This powertrain consists of one engine, one motor, and one generator with a specific mechanical link among two planetary gearsets, one controllable clutch, and two one-way clutches. The corresponding kinematic architecture and operating modes are described, and analyzed in view of the characteristics of electric circulation. Then, the driving performance is simulated and compared with that of the baseline system with the original specifications of Toyota Prius. The results show that, with the significant 18% reduction of total power capacity of the motor and generator, the dual-motor electric drive can still satisfy the requirement of driving performance at low speed. The maximum percentage of improvement of driving performance for electric drive, circulation, and boost modes compared with those of the baseline system are 24%, 80%, and 48% respectively. Furthermore, the simulation on driving performance as well as energy efficiency shows that the input-split and output-split modes are preferably operated at low and high end of vehicle speed respectively. Therefore, the integrated input- and output-split e-CVT operation can provide superior performance covering the entire range of driving speed. As a result, the outstanding feature of the proposed system offers promising potential of further development especially for plug-in and sport hybrid application.

Original languageEnglish
Article number116508
JournalEnergy
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2019 Jan 1

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Electric drives
Hybrid systems
Energy efficiency
Clutches
Powertrains
Hybrid vehicles
Sports
Power electronics
Kinematics
Engines
Specifications

Keywords

  • e-CVT
  • Electric circulation
  • Electronic-continuously variable transmission
  • HEV
  • Hybrid electric vehicle
  • Input-split
  • Output-split
  • Power split

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Pollution
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

@article{5887ad643f674d59b92020c0299aa5de,
title = "Evaluation of driving performance and energy efficiency for a novel full hybrid system with dual-motor electric drive and integrated input- and output-split e-CVT",
abstract = "This paper presents a novel full hybrid electric vehicle (HEV) with power split electronic-continuously variable transmission (e-CVT) capable of providing dual-motor drive at purely electric drive and operating under either the input-split or output-split mode at hybrid drive. This powertrain consists of one engine, one motor, and one generator with a specific mechanical link among two planetary gearsets, one controllable clutch, and two one-way clutches. The corresponding kinematic architecture and operating modes are described, and analyzed in view of the characteristics of electric circulation. Then, the driving performance is simulated and compared with that of the baseline system with the original specifications of Toyota Prius. The results show that, with the significant 18{\%} reduction of total power capacity of the motor and generator, the dual-motor electric drive can still satisfy the requirement of driving performance at low speed. The maximum percentage of improvement of driving performance for electric drive, circulation, and boost modes compared with those of the baseline system are 24{\%}, 80{\%}, and 48{\%} respectively. Furthermore, the simulation on driving performance as well as energy efficiency shows that the input-split and output-split modes are preferably operated at low and high end of vehicle speed respectively. Therefore, the integrated input- and output-split e-CVT operation can provide superior performance covering the entire range of driving speed. As a result, the outstanding feature of the proposed system offers promising potential of further development especially for plug-in and sport hybrid application.",
keywords = "e-CVT, Electric circulation, Electronic-continuously variable transmission, HEV, Hybrid electric vehicle, Input-split, Output-split, Power split",
author = "Chung, {Cheng Ta} and Wu, {Chien Hsun} and Hung, {Yi Hsuan}",
year = "2019",
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language = "English",
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N2 - This paper presents a novel full hybrid electric vehicle (HEV) with power split electronic-continuously variable transmission (e-CVT) capable of providing dual-motor drive at purely electric drive and operating under either the input-split or output-split mode at hybrid drive. This powertrain consists of one engine, one motor, and one generator with a specific mechanical link among two planetary gearsets, one controllable clutch, and two one-way clutches. The corresponding kinematic architecture and operating modes are described, and analyzed in view of the characteristics of electric circulation. Then, the driving performance is simulated and compared with that of the baseline system with the original specifications of Toyota Prius. The results show that, with the significant 18% reduction of total power capacity of the motor and generator, the dual-motor electric drive can still satisfy the requirement of driving performance at low speed. The maximum percentage of improvement of driving performance for electric drive, circulation, and boost modes compared with those of the baseline system are 24%, 80%, and 48% respectively. Furthermore, the simulation on driving performance as well as energy efficiency shows that the input-split and output-split modes are preferably operated at low and high end of vehicle speed respectively. Therefore, the integrated input- and output-split e-CVT operation can provide superior performance covering the entire range of driving speed. As a result, the outstanding feature of the proposed system offers promising potential of further development especially for plug-in and sport hybrid application.

AB - This paper presents a novel full hybrid electric vehicle (HEV) with power split electronic-continuously variable transmission (e-CVT) capable of providing dual-motor drive at purely electric drive and operating under either the input-split or output-split mode at hybrid drive. This powertrain consists of one engine, one motor, and one generator with a specific mechanical link among two planetary gearsets, one controllable clutch, and two one-way clutches. The corresponding kinematic architecture and operating modes are described, and analyzed in view of the characteristics of electric circulation. Then, the driving performance is simulated and compared with that of the baseline system with the original specifications of Toyota Prius. The results show that, with the significant 18% reduction of total power capacity of the motor and generator, the dual-motor electric drive can still satisfy the requirement of driving performance at low speed. The maximum percentage of improvement of driving performance for electric drive, circulation, and boost modes compared with those of the baseline system are 24%, 80%, and 48% respectively. Furthermore, the simulation on driving performance as well as energy efficiency shows that the input-split and output-split modes are preferably operated at low and high end of vehicle speed respectively. Therefore, the integrated input- and output-split e-CVT operation can provide superior performance covering the entire range of driving speed. As a result, the outstanding feature of the proposed system offers promising potential of further development especially for plug-in and sport hybrid application.

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