Evaluating the effects of programs for reducing achievement gaps: A case study in Taiwan

Yao Ting Sung, Fen Lan Tseng, Nien Ping Kuo, Tien Ying Chang, Jia Min Chiou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Considering that achievement gaps have become a serious educational problem worldwide, the Ministry of Education in Taiwan has been addressing a series of policies to reduce achievement gaps, but the effect of these policies has not yet been carefully examined. Therefore, the present study investigated current educational policies, achievement gap phenomenon, and its changing trends in the use of national standardized tests in Taiwan and evaluated the degree to which these policies are reducing the achievement gaps among Taiwanese students. Junior high school graduates who took the high school entrance examination between 2004 and 2010 were recruited to examine the associations between their academic achievements and variables such as socioeconomic status (SES), ethnicity, and school district. Time series analyses were conducted to determine the longitudinal trends for the achievement gaps. The results revealed that achievement gaps are decreasing among different ethnicities, but they are increasing among different SESs and school districts. These findings demonstrate some positive effects of the educational policies introduced in Taiwan, but also the need for further modification and precise implementation of these policies. Suggestions for implementing educational programs and policies to reduce achievement gaps are also presented.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)99-113
Number of pages15
JournalAsia Pacific Education Review
Volume15
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Mar 1

Fingerprint

Taiwan
educational policy
ethnicity
district
entrance examination
school
Ministry of Education
school graduate
trend
educational program
academic achievement
time series
social status
student

Keywords

  • Achievement gap
  • Basic competency test
  • Education policy
  • Ethnicity
  • SES

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education

Cite this

Evaluating the effects of programs for reducing achievement gaps : A case study in Taiwan. / Sung, Yao Ting; Tseng, Fen Lan; Kuo, Nien Ping; Chang, Tien Ying; Chiou, Jia Min.

In: Asia Pacific Education Review, Vol. 15, No. 1, 01.03.2014, p. 99-113.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Sung, Yao Ting ; Tseng, Fen Lan ; Kuo, Nien Ping ; Chang, Tien Ying ; Chiou, Jia Min. / Evaluating the effects of programs for reducing achievement gaps : A case study in Taiwan. In: Asia Pacific Education Review. 2014 ; Vol. 15, No. 1. pp. 99-113.
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