Establishing linear solvation energy relationships between VOCs and monolayer-protected gold nanoclusters using quartz crystal microbalance

Chi Lin Li, Chia Jung Lu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)


Linear solvation energy relationships (LSERs) have been recognized as a useful model for investigating the chemical forces behind the partition coefficients between vapor molecules and absorbents. This study is the first to determine the solvation properties of monolayer-protected gold nanoclusters (MPCs) with different surface ligands. The ratio of partition coefficients/MPC density (K/ρ) of 18 volatile organic compounds (VOCs) for four different MPCs obtained through quartz crystal microbalance (QCM) experiments were used for the LSER model calculations. LSER modeling results indicate that all MPC surfaces showed a statistically significant (p < 0.05) preference to hydrogen-bond acidic molecules. Through dipole-dipole attraction, 4-methoxythiophenol-capped MPCs can also interact with polar organics (s = 1.04). Showing a unique preference for the hydrogen bond basicity of vapors (b = 1.11), 2-benzothiazolethiol-capped MPCs provide evidence of an intra-molecular, proton-shift mechanism on surface of nano-gold.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)851-855
Number of pages5
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Aug 15



  • Gas sensor
  • Gold nanoparticles
  • Linear solvation energy relationships
  • Volatile organic compounds

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry

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