Environment and morphology of mesoscale convective systems associated with the Changma front during 9-10 July 2007

J. H. Jeong, D. I. Lee, C. C. Wang, S. M. Jang, C. H. You, M. Jang

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    13 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    To understand the different environment and morphology for heavy rainfall during 9-10 July 2007, over the Korean Peninsula, mesoscale convective systems (MCSs) that accompanied the Changma front in two different regions were investigated. The sub-synoptic conditions were analysed using mesoscale analysis data (MANAL), reanalysis data, weather charts and Multi-functional Transport Satellite (MTSAT-IR) data. Dual-Doppler radar observations were used to analyse the wind fields within the precipitation systems. During both the case periods, the surface low-pressure field intensified and moved northeastward along the Changma front. A low-level warm front gradually formed with an east-west orientation, and the cold front near the low pressure was aligned from northeast to southwest. The northern convective systems (meso-α-scale) were embedded within an area of stratiform cloud north of the warm front. The development of low-level pressure resulted in horizontal and vertical wind shear due to cyclonic circulation. The wind direction was apparently different across the warm front. In addition, the southeasterly flow (below 4 km) played an important role in generating new convective cells behind the prevailing convective cell. Each isolated southern convective cell (meso-β-scale) moved along the line ahead of the cold front within the prefrontal warm sector. These convective cells developed when a strong southwesterly low-level jet (LLJ) intensified and moisture was deeply advected into the sloping frontal zone. A high equivalent potential temperature region transported warm moist air in a strong southwesterly flow, where the convectively unstable air led to updraft and downdraft with a strong reflectivity core.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1235-1248
    Number of pages14
    JournalAnnales Geophysicae
    Volume30
    Issue number8
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2012

    Keywords

    • Meteorology and atmospheric dynamics (Mesoscale meteorology)

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Astronomy and Astrophysics
    • Geology
    • Atmospheric Science
    • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
    • Space and Planetary Science

    Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Environment and morphology of mesoscale convective systems associated with the Changma front during 9-10 July 2007'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this