Enhancing performance of Nafion®-based PEMFC by 1-D channel metal-organic frameworks as PEM filler

Cheng Hsiu Tsai, Chun Chieh Wang, Chih Yi Chang, Chia Her Lin*, Yui Whei Chen-Yang

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

46 Citations (Scopus)


The paper reports for the first time the preparation of novel Nafion®-based composite membranes (PEM-1 and PEM-2) using two 1-D channel microporous metal-organic frameworks (MOFs), CPO-27(Mg) and MIL-53(Al), as fillers, for proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs). Results show that the corresponding water uptake and the proton conductivity of the composite membranes were improved by 1.7 times and 2.1 times in magnitude, respectively, as compared to the recast Nafion® membrane (RN). Further, the PEMFC single cells fabricated from these novel PEM-1 (FC-1) was able to achieve power densities of ca. 74% and 92% higher than that of the RN membrane (FC-3) measured at 50 °C and 80 °C, respectively, under 99.9% humidified conditions. In particular, FC-1 yielded power densities as high as 853 mW cm-2 at 50 °C and 568 mW cm-2 at 80 °C under 15.0% humidified conditions. Such notable improvements were mainly ascribed to the water retention ability of the MOFs as fillers brought about by the interplay of their pore structures, the amount of coordinated water and the interactions between the unsaturated metal sites and water molecules. This study further invokes that the 1-D channel microporous MOFs with high water retention ability are good candidates for fillers in proton exchange membrane of PEMFCs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)15696-15705
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Issue number28
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Sept 23
Externally publishedYes


  • Metal-organic frameworks
  • Microporous materials
  • Nafion
  • Water retention ability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Fuel Technology
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology


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