Enhanced reaction kinetics enabled by a bi-element co-doping strategy for high-performance ternary Si-based anodes of Li-ion batteries

Wenwu Li*, Qibin Ma, Xiao Liu, Anjie Chen, Jeng Han Wang, Dong Hyun Min, Peixun Xiong, Meilin Liu, Ho Seok Park

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The slow electron and Li-ion transport as well as poor ability to resist against volume variation restrict severely the Si anodes commercialization. Herein, we, for the first time propose a three-in-one approach by co-introducing Al and P into Si to form the complete solid solutions of AlSixP (x = 2/3, 2, 6) by a facile and low-cost mechanical ball milling method. As LIBs anodes, first-principles calculations and experimental measurements demonstrate that the AlSi6P sample has the fastest Li-ionic and electronic conductivities among materials of AlSi2/3P, AlSi2P, AlSi6P and Si8, thus offering the best Li-storage performances of large reversible capacity, high energy efficiency, long cycling life and fast rate capability. The crystallographic, spectrographic and electrochemical characterizations demonstrate that the AlSi6P sample stores Li-ions by a reversible process of Li-intercalation reaction and then conversion reaction where a Li-ionic conductor of LiSi2P3, and electronic conductors of Li12Al3Si4 and Li15Si4 were produced simultaneously, thus delivering excellent Li-storage performances. The AlSi6P@graphite composite achieves 1,496 mA h g−1 after 100 cycles at 500 mA g−1, 1,058 mA h g−1 after 500 cycles, and 1,159 mA h g−1 at 10,000 mA g−1, thus holding the promise to be applied in the near future. This co-doping strategy provides guidance and a new direction for the design of new energy materials.

Original languageEnglish
Article number139567
JournalChemical Engineering Journal
Volume453
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2023 Feb 1

Keywords

  • Anodes
  • Codoping
  • Li-ion batteries
  • P compound
  • Si compound
  • Ternary compound

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • General Chemical Engineering
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Enhanced reaction kinetics enabled by a bi-element co-doping strategy for high-performance ternary Si-based anodes of Li-ion batteries'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this