Enhanced polarization and mechanisms in optically pumped hyperpolarized He3 in the presence of He4

Hsin Hsien Chen, Hong Chang Yang, Herng Er Horng, Y. Y. Lee, Shu Hsien Liao, S. Y. Yang, Chung Hsien Chou, Lieh Jeng Chang, M. J. Chen, M. Y. Chern

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Abstract

This work reports an enhanced polarization and mechanisms in optically pumped (OP) hyperpolarized He3 in the presence of He4. The cells contain Rb metal, 60-torr N2, and different pressures of He3 and He4. In the absence of He4, the polarization of He3 increases monotonically from 4.5% to 8% when the pressure of He3 is increased from 300 to 1500 torr. In the presence of 1850-torr He4 gas, the polarization of He3 is enhanced from 7% to 30% for a cell containing 600-torr He3 and 60-torr N2. The wall relaxation factors X for OP cells with and without buffering He4 gas were derived. It was found that the He4 gas confines the He3 atoms to a diffusion-limited region which effectively reduces the wall relaxation factor X. Mechanisms contributed to relaxation are addressed and discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Article number033422
JournalPhysical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics
Volume81
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010 Mar 26

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polarization
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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

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Enhanced polarization and mechanisms in optically pumped hyperpolarized He3 in the presence of He4. / Chen, Hsin Hsien; Yang, Hong Chang; Horng, Herng Er; Lee, Y. Y.; Liao, Shu Hsien; Yang, S. Y.; Chou, Chung Hsien; Chang, Lieh Jeng; Chen, M. J.; Chern, M. Y.

In: Physical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics, Vol. 81, No. 3, 033422, 26.03.2010.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Chen, Hsin Hsien ; Yang, Hong Chang ; Horng, Herng Er ; Lee, Y. Y. ; Liao, Shu Hsien ; Yang, S. Y. ; Chou, Chung Hsien ; Chang, Lieh Jeng ; Chen, M. J. ; Chern, M. Y. / Enhanced polarization and mechanisms in optically pumped hyperpolarized He3 in the presence of He4. In: Physical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics. 2010 ; Vol. 81, No. 3.
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AU - Horng, Herng Er

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AU - Liao, Shu Hsien

AU - Yang, S. Y.

AU - Chou, Chung Hsien

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AB - This work reports an enhanced polarization and mechanisms in optically pumped (OP) hyperpolarized He3 in the presence of He4. The cells contain Rb metal, 60-torr N2, and different pressures of He3 and He4. In the absence of He4, the polarization of He3 increases monotonically from 4.5% to 8% when the pressure of He3 is increased from 300 to 1500 torr. In the presence of 1850-torr He4 gas, the polarization of He3 is enhanced from 7% to 30% for a cell containing 600-torr He3 and 60-torr N2. The wall relaxation factors X for OP cells with and without buffering He4 gas were derived. It was found that the He4 gas confines the He3 atoms to a diffusion-limited region which effectively reduces the wall relaxation factor X. Mechanisms contributed to relaxation are addressed and discussed.

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