Enhanced magnetic domain relaxation frequency and low power losses in Zn2+ substituted manganese ferrites potential for high frequency applications

K. Praveena*, Hsiao Wen Chen, Hsiang Lin Liu, K. Sadhana, S. R. Murthy

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

44 Citations (Scopus)


Nowadays electronic industries prerequisites magnetic materials, i.e., iron rich materials and their magnetic alloys. However, with the advent of high frequency applications, the standard techniques of reducing eddy current losses, using iron cores, were no longer efficient or cost effective. Current market trends of the switched mode power supplies industries required even low energy losses in power conversion with maintenance of adequate initial permeability. From the above point of view, in the present study we aimed at the production of Manganese–Zinc ferrites prepared via solution combustion method using mixture of fuels and achieved low loss, high saturation magnetization, high permeability, and high magnetic domain relaxation frequency. The as-synthesized Zn2+ substituted MnFe2O4 were characterized by X-ray diffractometer (XRD) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The fractions of Mn2+, Zn2+ and Fe2+ cations occupying tetrahedral sites along with Fe occupying octahedral sites within the unit cell of all ferrite samples were estimated by Raman scattering spectroscopy. The magnetic domain relaxation was investigated by inductance spectroscopy (IS) and the observed magnetic domain relaxation frequency (fr) was increased with the increase in grain size. The real and imaginary part of permeability (μ′ and μ″) increased with frequency and showed a maximum above 100 MHz. This can be explained on the basis of spin rotation and domain wall motion. The saturation magnetization (Ms), remnant magnetization (Mr) and magneton number (µB) decreased gradually with increasing Zn2+ concentration. The decrease in the saturation magnetization was discussed with Yafet–Kittel (Y–K) model. The Zn2+ concentration increases the relative number of ferric ions on the A sites, reduces the A–B interactions. The frequency dependent total power losses decreased as the zinc concentration increased. At 1 MHz, the total power loss (Pt) changed from 358 mW/cm3 for x=0–165 mW/cm3 for x=0.9. Pt for all the Zn doped samples exhibited the temperature stability up to 100 °C.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)129-142
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Dec 15


  • Complex permeability
  • Mn–Zn ferrites
  • Power losses
  • Raman scattering spectroscopy
  • Relaxation frequency
  • Y–K angles

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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