Engaging consumers in wise use of over-the-counter medications in Taiwan: Development and evaluation of a structured medication counseling approach

Yen Ming Huang, Yao Hsing Wang, Hsun Yu Chan, Ling Jie Chen, Ling Ling Hsieh, Ping Ing Lee, Yunn Fang Ho*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: To evaluate the impact of a tailored Symptom Allergy Indication Direction Self-care (SAIDS) counseling by pharmacists on consumers’ correct understanding of over-the-counter (OTC) medication use. Methods: This study used a time-based sampling of two independent cohorts at a single community pharmacy in Taiwan for two years beginning in December 2018. In the control cohort, participants received conventional counseling for the OTCs they selected. In the intervention cohort, participants received SAIDS counseling along with pointing out OTC package label instructions. A paper-and-pencil survey was administered face-to-face to evaluate participants’ understanding for the correct use of OTCs. Descriptive statistics and chi-square tests were used to evaluate the effect of the SAIDS approach on cohorts’ understanding of OTC use. Results: Compared with conventional OTC counseling, participants reported better understanding regarding potential side effects of OTCs that they acquired (p < 0.001) and were more aware of strategies to cope with the associated side effects (p < 0.001). Conclusions and practice implications: Despite the time constraints that pharmacists often can offer to each customer, the SAIDS counseling approach may refine the structure and effectiveness of pharmacists’ OTC counseling skills and thereby improve consumers’ understanding of their ailments and self-care medications in Taiwan.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)942-948
Number of pages7
JournalPatient Education and Counseling
Volume105
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Apr

Keywords

  • Community pharmacy
  • Counseling
  • Over-the-counter medication
  • Pharmacist

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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