Enablers for Adopting Restriction of Hazardous Substances Directives by Electronic Manufacturing Service Providers

Jeng Chieh Cheng, Jeen Fong Li, Chi Yo Huang*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The Electronic Manufacturing Service (EMS) industry contributes significantly to toxic waste generation due to its fabrication processes. Notably, adherence to the Restriction of Hazardous Substances (RoHS) Directive varies amongst EMS providers, despite its aim to reduce electronic waste. This study explores the factors influencing EMS providers’ decision to adopt the RoHS directive, utilizing the technology–organization–environment (TOE) and the human–organization–technology (HOT) fit, or the TOE-HOT fit framework. We validated our framework using partial least squares structural equation modeling (PLS-SEM), based on responses from 379 questionnaires from major EMS providers. The results demonstrated that expert resources, adequate resources, perceived industrial pressure, institutional pressure, and costs were positively associated with RoHS adoption. However, innovation, relative advantage, and verification ability were identified as significant barriers. In particular, innovation in the human dimension was the key determinant for RoHS adoption. Therefore, clear policy instruments and regulations may enhance RoHS adoption by EMS providers. These findings can guide environmental policy definitions in governmental laws and strategies, encouraging EMS providers and other firms to adopt RoHS standards.

Original languageEnglish
Article number12341
JournalSustainability (Switzerland)
Issue number16
Publication statusPublished - 2023 Aug


  • Restriction of Hazardous Substances (RoHS)
  • TOE-HOT fit
  • electronic manufacturing service (EMS)
  • green manufacturing
  • human–organization–technology (HOT) fit
  • partial least squares structural equation modeling (PLS-SEM)
  • technology–organization–environment (TOE)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science (miscellaneous)
  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Environmental Science (miscellaneous)
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Hardware and Architecture
  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law


Dive into the research topics of 'Enablers for Adopting Restriction of Hazardous Substances Directives by Electronic Manufacturing Service Providers'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this