Elite golfers are characterized by psychomotor refinement in cognitive-motor processes

Kuo Pin Wang, Ming Yang Cheng, Tai Ting Chen, Chung Ju Huang, Thomas Schack, Tsung Min Hung*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)


The present study extends the sport neuroscience literature by comparing elite and amateur golfers during golf putting and examining the essential cognitive-motor processes that may contribute to understanding the superior cognitive-motor performance of skilled performers. Twenty elite and 18 amateur golfers were recruited to perform 60 putts while individual EEGs were recorded. Compared with the amateur golfers, the elite golfers were characterized by (1) lower alpha 2 power at Pz and T8 2 s before putt release; (2) lower alpha 2 power at Fz and T8 and lower mu 2 power 1 s before putting; and (3) lower alpha 2 coherence at Fz–T7 and Fz–T8. This suggests that the elite golfers had higher levels of attention to response motor programming and visuospatial attention and less cognitive-motor interference before putting. These findings not only point to the importance of refining brain processes but also specify essential cognitive-motor processes for superior performance in athletes.

Original languageEnglish
Article number101739
JournalPsychology of Sport and Exercise
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Sept


  • Attention
  • EEG
  • Meshed control theory
  • Precision sports
  • Psychomotor efficiency hypothesis
  • Skill level

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology


Dive into the research topics of 'Elite golfers are characterized by psychomotor refinement in cognitive-motor processes'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this