Electronic story book display method and kindergartener reading behavior: An eye-tracking investigation

Chia Ning Liao, Yu Ching Huang, Yao Ting Sung, Kuo En Chang, Hsueh Chin Chen, Tzu Chien Liu, Yen Hua Chang, Wen Chung Kao, Chin Chung Tsai, Ming Da Wu

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

If children could be enticed to pay more attention to the print area, it could help increase their print awareness and future reading ability. Along with the development of electronic technology, many books have changed to the electronic format, and storybooks are no exception. The purpose of this study was to understand which electronic storybook display method is best able to increase children’s attention to the print area. To this end, we modified the electronic storybook’s design and used an eye-tracker to measure children’s visual attention during reading. The study included 76 children between the ages of 4–6 from two northern Taiwanese kindergartens. The kindergarteners were split into three groups: a traditional storybook group, the highlight synchronization group (implicit instruction), and the text-discussion group (explicit instruction). This study was conducted over a 6-week period: one week for pre-tests, four weeks of interventions, and one week for post-tests. The result of pre-test suggested that the northern Taiwanese children spent about 80% of their time looking at the picture area, and about 20% at the print area. The result of week 2, the first week of the intervention stage, showed that, when it came to visual attention invested in the print area, the highlight synchronization groups paid significantly more attention to the print area than the traditional storybook group.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationLearning and Collaboration Technologies. Design, Development and Technological Innovation - 5th International Conference, LCT 2018, Held as Part of HCI International 2018, Proceedings
EditorsPanayiotis Zaphiris, Andri Ioannou
PublisherSpringer Verlag
Pages147-156
Number of pages10
ISBN (Print)9783319917429
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Jan 1
Event5th International Conference on Learning and Collaboration Technologies, LCT 2018 Held as Part of HCI International 2018 - Las Vegas, United States
Duration: 2018 Jul 152018 Jul 20

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)
Volume10924 LNCS
ISSN (Print)0302-9743
ISSN (Electronic)1611-3349

Other

Other5th International Conference on Learning and Collaboration Technologies, LCT 2018 Held as Part of HCI International 2018
CountryUnited States
CityLas Vegas
Period18/7/1518/7/20

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Keywords

  • Electronic book
  • Eye movements
  • Kindergartener
  • Literacy
  • Shared book reading

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Theoretical Computer Science
  • Computer Science(all)

Cite this

Liao, C. N., Huang, Y. C., Sung, Y. T., Chang, K. E., Chen, H. C., Liu, T. C., Chang, Y. H., Kao, W. C., Tsai, C. C., & Wu, M. D. (2018). Electronic story book display method and kindergartener reading behavior: An eye-tracking investigation. In P. Zaphiris, & A. Ioannou (Eds.), Learning and Collaboration Technologies. Design, Development and Technological Innovation - 5th International Conference, LCT 2018, Held as Part of HCI International 2018, Proceedings (pp. 147-156). (Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics); Vol. 10924 LNCS). Springer Verlag. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-91743-6_11