Electron paramagnetic resonance investigation of the Cr(VI) to Cr(V) and/or Cr(III) thermal reductions in single crystals of CrO2-4-doped M2SnCl6 (M = NH+4, K+, CH3NH+3, and [(CH3)2NH2]+)

Jiang-Tsu Yu, Ching Jiun Wu, Ssu Hao Lou, Mei Na Tsai

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Abstract

We have performed a series of EPR measurements on M2SnCl6 (M = NH+4, CH3NH+3, and [(CH3)2NH2]+) crystals doped with the CrO2-4 ion and thermally treated at different temperatures. Via EPR, we have detected the Cr(VI)O2-4 to Cr(V) and/or Cr(III) thermal reductions. A Cr(V) species, in the form of CrO3-4, is thermally produced in (NH4)2SnCl6 and in K2SnCl6 co-doped with NH+4. We tentatively assign the thermally produced Cr(III) species as isolated Cr3+ ions. We have also studied in some detail the Cr(VI) to Cr(III) thermal reduction in K2SnCl6:CrO2-4 crystals either co-doped with one of the [(CH3)nNH4-n]+ ions (n = 0-4) or coated with CH3NH2 · HCl or NH4Cl. The experimental results indicate that it is the hydrogens of the NH groups which are responsible for the observed reduction. We have analyzed the magnetic symmetries and the spin Hamiltonian parameters of the thermally produced Cr(V) and Cr(III) species. These species can be controllably and repeatably produced via thermal treatments. This thermal method provides an attractive and easily accessible method for the production of the CrO3-4 species, which is conventionally produced via either X- or γ-ray irradiation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)159-173
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Solid State Chemistry
Volume98
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1992 Jan 1

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Paramagnetic resonance
electron paramagnetic resonance
Single crystals
Ions
single crystals
Hamiltonians
Crystals
ions
doped crystals
Hydrogen
rays
Heat treatment
Irradiation
irradiation
symmetry
hydrogen
crystals
Hot Temperature
chromium hexavalent ion
Temperature

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

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title = "Electron paramagnetic resonance investigation of the Cr(VI) to Cr(V) and/or Cr(III) thermal reductions in single crystals of CrO2-4-doped M2SnCl6 (M = NH+4, K+, CH3NH+3, and [(CH3)2NH2]+)",
abstract = "We have performed a series of EPR measurements on M2SnCl6 (M = NH+4, CH3NH+3, and [(CH3)2NH2]+) crystals doped with the CrO2-4 ion and thermally treated at different temperatures. Via EPR, we have detected the Cr(VI)O2-4 to Cr(V) and/or Cr(III) thermal reductions. A Cr(V) species, in the form of CrO3-4, is thermally produced in (NH4)2SnCl6 and in K2SnCl6 co-doped with NH+4. We tentatively assign the thermally produced Cr(III) species as isolated Cr3+ ions. We have also studied in some detail the Cr(VI) to Cr(III) thermal reduction in K2SnCl6:CrO2-4 crystals either co-doped with one of the [(CH3)nNH4-n]+ ions (n = 0-4) or coated with CH3NH2 · HCl or NH4Cl. The experimental results indicate that it is the hydrogens of the NH groups which are responsible for the observed reduction. We have analyzed the magnetic symmetries and the spin Hamiltonian parameters of the thermally produced Cr(V) and Cr(III) species. These species can be controllably and repeatably produced via thermal treatments. This thermal method provides an attractive and easily accessible method for the production of the CrO3-4 species, which is conventionally produced via either X- or γ-ray irradiation.",
author = "Jiang-Tsu Yu and Wu, {Ching Jiun} and Lou, {Ssu Hao} and Tsai, {Mei Na}",
year = "1992",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/0022-4596(92)90082-7",
language = "English",
volume = "98",
pages = "159--173",
journal = "Journal of Solid State Chemistry",
issn = "0022-4596",
publisher = "Academic Press Inc.",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Electron paramagnetic resonance investigation of the Cr(VI) to Cr(V) and/or Cr(III) thermal reductions in single crystals of CrO2-4-doped M2SnCl6 (M = NH+4, K+, CH3NH+3, and [(CH3)2NH2]+)

AU - Yu, Jiang-Tsu

AU - Wu, Ching Jiun

AU - Lou, Ssu Hao

AU - Tsai, Mei Na

PY - 1992/1/1

Y1 - 1992/1/1

N2 - We have performed a series of EPR measurements on M2SnCl6 (M = NH+4, CH3NH+3, and [(CH3)2NH2]+) crystals doped with the CrO2-4 ion and thermally treated at different temperatures. Via EPR, we have detected the Cr(VI)O2-4 to Cr(V) and/or Cr(III) thermal reductions. A Cr(V) species, in the form of CrO3-4, is thermally produced in (NH4)2SnCl6 and in K2SnCl6 co-doped with NH+4. We tentatively assign the thermally produced Cr(III) species as isolated Cr3+ ions. We have also studied in some detail the Cr(VI) to Cr(III) thermal reduction in K2SnCl6:CrO2-4 crystals either co-doped with one of the [(CH3)nNH4-n]+ ions (n = 0-4) or coated with CH3NH2 · HCl or NH4Cl. The experimental results indicate that it is the hydrogens of the NH groups which are responsible for the observed reduction. We have analyzed the magnetic symmetries and the spin Hamiltonian parameters of the thermally produced Cr(V) and Cr(III) species. These species can be controllably and repeatably produced via thermal treatments. This thermal method provides an attractive and easily accessible method for the production of the CrO3-4 species, which is conventionally produced via either X- or γ-ray irradiation.

AB - We have performed a series of EPR measurements on M2SnCl6 (M = NH+4, CH3NH+3, and [(CH3)2NH2]+) crystals doped with the CrO2-4 ion and thermally treated at different temperatures. Via EPR, we have detected the Cr(VI)O2-4 to Cr(V) and/or Cr(III) thermal reductions. A Cr(V) species, in the form of CrO3-4, is thermally produced in (NH4)2SnCl6 and in K2SnCl6 co-doped with NH+4. We tentatively assign the thermally produced Cr(III) species as isolated Cr3+ ions. We have also studied in some detail the Cr(VI) to Cr(III) thermal reduction in K2SnCl6:CrO2-4 crystals either co-doped with one of the [(CH3)nNH4-n]+ ions (n = 0-4) or coated with CH3NH2 · HCl or NH4Cl. The experimental results indicate that it is the hydrogens of the NH groups which are responsible for the observed reduction. We have analyzed the magnetic symmetries and the spin Hamiltonian parameters of the thermally produced Cr(V) and Cr(III) species. These species can be controllably and repeatably produced via thermal treatments. This thermal method provides an attractive and easily accessible method for the production of the CrO3-4 species, which is conventionally produced via either X- or γ-ray irradiation.

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