Electroencephalography and mental states associated with elite performance

George W. Lawton, Tsung Min Hung, Pekka Saarela, Bradley D. Hatfield

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

High levels of athletic performance are frequently attributed to mental states. Evidence for this attribution comes mainly from phenomenological reports of athletes. However, research with elite performers using electrophysiological measures has tracked changes in nervous system activity in real time during performance, which may further understanding of such states. Specific patterns of psychophysiological activity from the cerebral cortex, in the form of event-related slow potentials (SPs), as well as spectral content measured by electroencephalography (EEG), occur in the few seconds of performance (preshot) preparation. We discuss these data. We suggest that the logical structure of research with athletes differs from other psychophysiological research. We emphasize the theoretical mind-body issues and the logical structure of these investigations to suggest directions for future research.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)35-53
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of Sport and Exercise Psychology
Volume20
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1998 Jan 1

Keywords

  • Closed skills
  • Electroencephalography
  • Elite performers
  • Mental states
  • Psychophysiology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology

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