Effects of the interaction between exercising self-control and PhoPhiKat on divergent and convergent thinking

Fa Chung Chiu, Chih Chun Hsu, Yao Nan Lin, Hsueh Chih Chen, Cheng Hong Liu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study investigated how the interaction between exercising self-control and PhoPhiKat disposition influences divergent and convergent thinking. In Study 1, 77 university students completed the PhoPHiKat-45 before being randomly assigned to the exercising self-control or neutral group. After experimental manipulation, participants were asked to complete the divergent thinking test. The results indicate that the students with high gelotophilia in the exercising self-control group were more fluent and flexible in generating ideas compared with those in the neutral group. Regarding originality, compared with the students with low katagelasticism, the students with high katagelasticism in the self-control group demonstrated a higher degree of originality than those in the neutral group. In Study 2, 66 students were randomly assigned to the exercising self-control or neutral group, and the dependent variable was the convergent thinking test (i.e., the critical thinking test). The results show that those with high gelotophobia in the self-control group demonstrated a higher degree of convergent thinking than did those in the neutral group. However, those with low gelotophobia in the neutral group exhibited a higher degree of convergent thinking compared with those in the self-control group. Thus, PhoPhiKat dispositions influenced the effect of exercising self-control on divergent and convergent thinking.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)286-298
Number of pages13
JournalThinking Skills and Creativity
Volume24
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Jun

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self-control
interaction
Group
student
disposition
manipulation
creativity
university

Keywords

  • Critical thinking
  • Divergent thinking
  • Exercising self-control

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education

Cite this

Effects of the interaction between exercising self-control and PhoPhiKat on divergent and convergent thinking. / Chiu, Fa Chung; Hsu, Chih Chun; Lin, Yao Nan; Chen, Hsueh Chih; Liu, Cheng Hong.

In: Thinking Skills and Creativity, Vol. 24, 06.2017, p. 286-298.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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