Effects of the Coastal Uplift on the Kuroshio Ecosystem, Eastern Taiwan, the Western Boundary Current of the North Pacific Ocean

Chung Chi Chen*, Chun Yi Lu, Sen Jan*, Chih Hao Hsieh, Chih Ching Chung

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)
44 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

The Kuroshio is the western boundary current of the North Pacific Ocean. In the subtropical region of eastern Taiwan, a coastal uplift of the isotherms has occurred. To explore its impact on this oligotrophic ecosystem, hydrographic data along the transect line at 23.75°N were measured between September 2012 and September 2014. Results show that the intensity of coastal uplift was positively correlated to the flow volume transport of the Kuroshio. Significant dissolved inorganic nutrients were uplifted to the sunlit zone, especially in the onshore. For example, compared to the offshore, nitrate concentration increased 0.49 μM (or ∼178%) in the upper 100 m of the onshore. The increased nutrients thereafter enhanced the growth of phytoplankton; for instance, the Chl a concentration increased 88.3%, compared to offshore, in the upper 100 m of the onshore. Phytoplankton community was mostly composed of picophytoplankton (<2 μm in size), which were dominated, in terms of relative abundance, by Prochlorococcus (83.6%), followed by Synechococcus (13.8%) and picoeukaryotes (2.7%). The relative abundance of Prochlorococcus increased from onshore toward offshore, but the trend was reversed for Synechococcus and picoeukaryotes, which may be affected by the coastal uplift. The results also suggest that the coastal uplift may support more energy transferred to higher tropical levels in this oligotrophic Kuroshio ecosystem.

Original languageEnglish
Article number796187
JournalFrontiers in Marine Science
Volume9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Feb 17

Keywords

  • Prochlorococcus
  • Synechococcus
  • coastal uplift
  • dissolved inorganic nutrients
  • picoeukaryotes
  • picoplankton
  • the Kuroshio

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oceanography
  • Global and Planetary Change
  • Aquatic Science
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Environmental Science (miscellaneous)
  • Ocean Engineering

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