Effects of resistance exercise on the HPA axis response to psychological stress during short-term smoking abstinence in men

Jen-Yu Ho, William J. Kraemer, Jeff S. Volek, Jakob L. Vingren, Maren S. Fragala, Shawn D. Flanagan, Jesse Maladouangdock, Tunde K. Szivak, Disa L. Hatfield, Brett A. Comstock, Courtenay Dunn-Lewis, Joseph T. Ciccolo, Carl M. Maresh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of resistance exercise on the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis (HPA) response to mental challenge, withdrawal symptoms, urge to smoke, and cognitive stress during 24-hour smoking abstinence. Methods: 8 sedentary smokers (mean ± SD age: 20.1 ± 1.7 y; height: 171.6 ± 10.8. cm; body mass: 70.4 ± 12.0. kg; smoking history: 2.9 ± 0.8. y) completed a 24-hour ad libitum smoking trial (SMO) followed by two 24-hour smoking abstinence trials. During abstinence trials, participants performed six whole body resistance exercises (EX) or a control condition (CON) in the morning, followed by mental challenge tasks in the afternoon. Plasma adrenocorticotropin hormone (ACTH), and salivary and serum cortisol were measured during each visit at rest (REST), and then before (PRE-EX), immediately after (IP-EX), and 30. min after exercise (30-EX); and before (PRE-MC), immediately after (IP-MC), and 30. min after mental challenge (30-MC). Results: Resistance exercise significantly (p. ≤. 0.05) elevated plasma ACTH and serum cortisol at IP-EX during EX compared with SMO and CON trials. Resting ACTH, salivary and serum cortisol concentrations at Pre-MC did not differ between EX and CON trials. The HPA axis response to mental challenge was similar after EX and CON trials. Finally, resistance exercise did not reduce withdrawal symptoms, urge to smoke, or stress. Conclusion: Resistance exercise did not substantially alter resting HPA hormones or the HPA response to mental challenge tasks during 24 h of smoking abstinence.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)695-698
Number of pages4
JournalAddictive Behaviors
Volume39
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Mar 1

Fingerprint

Psychological Stress
Smoking
Hormones
Exercise
Adrenocorticotropic Hormone
Hydrocortisone
Smoke
Plasmas
Substance Withdrawal Syndrome
Serum
Hypothalamic Hormones
History

Keywords

  • HPA hormones
  • Psychological stress
  • Resistance exercise
  • Smoking cessation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Toxicology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

Effects of resistance exercise on the HPA axis response to psychological stress during short-term smoking abstinence in men. / Ho, Jen-Yu; Kraemer, William J.; Volek, Jeff S.; Vingren, Jakob L.; Fragala, Maren S.; Flanagan, Shawn D.; Maladouangdock, Jesse; Szivak, Tunde K.; Hatfield, Disa L.; Comstock, Brett A.; Dunn-Lewis, Courtenay; Ciccolo, Joseph T.; Maresh, Carl M.

In: Addictive Behaviors, Vol. 39, No. 3, 01.03.2014, p. 695-698.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Ho, J-Y, Kraemer, WJ, Volek, JS, Vingren, JL, Fragala, MS, Flanagan, SD, Maladouangdock, J, Szivak, TK, Hatfield, DL, Comstock, BA, Dunn-Lewis, C, Ciccolo, JT & Maresh, CM 2014, 'Effects of resistance exercise on the HPA axis response to psychological stress during short-term smoking abstinence in men', Addictive Behaviors, vol. 39, no. 3, pp. 695-698. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.addbeh.2013.10.027
Ho, Jen-Yu ; Kraemer, William J. ; Volek, Jeff S. ; Vingren, Jakob L. ; Fragala, Maren S. ; Flanagan, Shawn D. ; Maladouangdock, Jesse ; Szivak, Tunde K. ; Hatfield, Disa L. ; Comstock, Brett A. ; Dunn-Lewis, Courtenay ; Ciccolo, Joseph T. ; Maresh, Carl M. / Effects of resistance exercise on the HPA axis response to psychological stress during short-term smoking abstinence in men. In: Addictive Behaviors. 2014 ; Vol. 39, No. 3. pp. 695-698.
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abstract = "Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of resistance exercise on the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis (HPA) response to mental challenge, withdrawal symptoms, urge to smoke, and cognitive stress during 24-hour smoking abstinence. Methods: 8 sedentary smokers (mean ± SD age: 20.1 ± 1.7 y; height: 171.6 ± 10.8. cm; body mass: 70.4 ± 12.0. kg; smoking history: 2.9 ± 0.8. y) completed a 24-hour ad libitum smoking trial (SMO) followed by two 24-hour smoking abstinence trials. During abstinence trials, participants performed six whole body resistance exercises (EX) or a control condition (CON) in the morning, followed by mental challenge tasks in the afternoon. Plasma adrenocorticotropin hormone (ACTH), and salivary and serum cortisol were measured during each visit at rest (REST), and then before (PRE-EX), immediately after (IP-EX), and 30. min after exercise (30-EX); and before (PRE-MC), immediately after (IP-MC), and 30. min after mental challenge (30-MC). Results: Resistance exercise significantly (p. ≤. 0.05) elevated plasma ACTH and serum cortisol at IP-EX during EX compared with SMO and CON trials. Resting ACTH, salivary and serum cortisol concentrations at Pre-MC did not differ between EX and CON trials. The HPA axis response to mental challenge was similar after EX and CON trials. Finally, resistance exercise did not reduce withdrawal symptoms, urge to smoke, or stress. Conclusion: Resistance exercise did not substantially alter resting HPA hormones or the HPA response to mental challenge tasks during 24 h of smoking abstinence.",
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AU - Kraemer, William J.

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AU - Vingren, Jakob L.

AU - Fragala, Maren S.

AU - Flanagan, Shawn D.

AU - Maladouangdock, Jesse

AU - Szivak, Tunde K.

AU - Hatfield, Disa L.

AU - Comstock, Brett A.

AU - Dunn-Lewis, Courtenay

AU - Ciccolo, Joseph T.

AU - Maresh, Carl M.

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N2 - Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of resistance exercise on the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis (HPA) response to mental challenge, withdrawal symptoms, urge to smoke, and cognitive stress during 24-hour smoking abstinence. Methods: 8 sedentary smokers (mean ± SD age: 20.1 ± 1.7 y; height: 171.6 ± 10.8. cm; body mass: 70.4 ± 12.0. kg; smoking history: 2.9 ± 0.8. y) completed a 24-hour ad libitum smoking trial (SMO) followed by two 24-hour smoking abstinence trials. During abstinence trials, participants performed six whole body resistance exercises (EX) or a control condition (CON) in the morning, followed by mental challenge tasks in the afternoon. Plasma adrenocorticotropin hormone (ACTH), and salivary and serum cortisol were measured during each visit at rest (REST), and then before (PRE-EX), immediately after (IP-EX), and 30. min after exercise (30-EX); and before (PRE-MC), immediately after (IP-MC), and 30. min after mental challenge (30-MC). Results: Resistance exercise significantly (p. ≤. 0.05) elevated plasma ACTH and serum cortisol at IP-EX during EX compared with SMO and CON trials. Resting ACTH, salivary and serum cortisol concentrations at Pre-MC did not differ between EX and CON trials. The HPA axis response to mental challenge was similar after EX and CON trials. Finally, resistance exercise did not reduce withdrawal symptoms, urge to smoke, or stress. Conclusion: Resistance exercise did not substantially alter resting HPA hormones or the HPA response to mental challenge tasks during 24 h of smoking abstinence.

AB - Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of resistance exercise on the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis (HPA) response to mental challenge, withdrawal symptoms, urge to smoke, and cognitive stress during 24-hour smoking abstinence. Methods: 8 sedentary smokers (mean ± SD age: 20.1 ± 1.7 y; height: 171.6 ± 10.8. cm; body mass: 70.4 ± 12.0. kg; smoking history: 2.9 ± 0.8. y) completed a 24-hour ad libitum smoking trial (SMO) followed by two 24-hour smoking abstinence trials. During abstinence trials, participants performed six whole body resistance exercises (EX) or a control condition (CON) in the morning, followed by mental challenge tasks in the afternoon. Plasma adrenocorticotropin hormone (ACTH), and salivary and serum cortisol were measured during each visit at rest (REST), and then before (PRE-EX), immediately after (IP-EX), and 30. min after exercise (30-EX); and before (PRE-MC), immediately after (IP-MC), and 30. min after mental challenge (30-MC). Results: Resistance exercise significantly (p. ≤. 0.05) elevated plasma ACTH and serum cortisol at IP-EX during EX compared with SMO and CON trials. Resting ACTH, salivary and serum cortisol concentrations at Pre-MC did not differ between EX and CON trials. The HPA axis response to mental challenge was similar after EX and CON trials. Finally, resistance exercise did not reduce withdrawal symptoms, urge to smoke, or stress. Conclusion: Resistance exercise did not substantially alter resting HPA hormones or the HPA response to mental challenge tasks during 24 h of smoking abstinence.

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KW - Smoking cessation

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