Effects of rare earth ion substitution for Ca in (Bi,Pb):2223 superconductors

G. Ilonca*, A. V. Pop, T. R. Yang, I. Gr Deac, C. Lung, R. Stiufiuc, G. Stiufiuc

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)


The effect of partial replacement of Ca by Y, Er and Lu on the structural transport properties of (Bi1.6Pb0.4) (Sr1.8Ba0.2) (Ca1-xRx)2Cu3Oy superconductors ceramics (0≤x≤0.03) have been investigated. The substitution of Y, Lu and Er at the Ca site induced the decrease of the volume fraction for the 2223 phase and the increase of the 2212 and 2201 phases volume fractions. In the normal state, all the samples are characterized by a linear temperature dependence of electrical resistivity and Hall concentrations. The rate of depression for the critical temperature in x = 0.02 samples found to be nearly the same for all of these substitutions. The nature of Tc suppression may be attributed to the increase of oxygen content in Bi2O2 double layers with increasing Y, Lu and Er concentrations. The sample shows a linear dependence of intergranular temperature as a function of AC field amplitude, which is in agreement with the Müller critical state model.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)769-772
Number of pages4
JournalInternational Journal of Inorganic Materials
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 2001


  • Rare earth ions substitution
  • Superconductors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Chemistry


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