Effects of an aquatic exercise program on inhibitory control in children with ADHD: A preliminary study

Yu Kai Chang, Chiao Ling Hung, Chung Ju Huang, Bradley D. Hatfield, Tsung Min Hung*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

85 Citations (Scopus)


The purpose of this preliminary study was to examine whether an aquatic exercise intervention that involves both aerobic and coordinative exercises influences restraint inhibition in children with ADHD. Thirty participants were assigned to either an aquatic exercise or a wait-list control group. Participants were assessed by Go/Nogo Task and motor ability prior to and after an 8-week exercise intervention (twice per week, 90 min per session) or a control intervention. Significant improvements in accuracy associated with theNogostimulus and the coordination of motor skillswere observed over time in the exercise group compared with the control group. Only main effects of groupwere found for reaction time and accuracy associated with theGostimulus. These findings suggest that an exercise programthat involves both quantitative and qualitative exercise characteristics facilitates the restraint inhibition component of behavioral inhibition in children with ADHD.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)217-223
Number of pages7
JournalArchives of Clinical Neuropsychology
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2014 May


  • Cancellation inhibition
  • Cognition
  • Executive function
  • Fitness
  • Restraint inhibition

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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