Effects of acute resistance exercise on late-middle-age adults' goal planning

Yu Kai Chang*, Po Wen Ku, Phillip D. Tomporowski, Feng Tzu Chen, Chi Chang Huang

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

51 Citations (Scopus)


Purpose: We investigated the effects of an acute bout of resistance exercise on the planning component of executive function in late-middle-age adults. Methods: With a within-subjects design, 30 community-dwelling adults (mean age = 57.20 ± 2.93 yr, 16 females) experienced both resistance exercise and control treatment conditions. The exercise condition involved two sets of 10 repetitions of 70% of 10-repetition maximum of seven exercises, whereas the control condition consisted of reading. Planning was assessed before and immediately after each treatment via the Tower of London task. Results: Acute resistance exercise facilitated Tower of London performances in terms of less total move scores, more total correct scores, and a longer total initial time compared with control and baseline. Conclusions: Our results expand the existing literature by demonstrating that resistance exercise has a positive effect on cognition and contributes to improved quality of planning, working memory, and inhibition aspects of executive function.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1773-1779
Number of pages7
JournalMedicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Sept
Externally publishedYes


  • Acute exercise
  • cognition
  • executive function
  • inhibition
  • working memory

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation


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