Effects of Acute Exercise on Resting EEG in Children with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder

Chung Ju Huang, Ching Wen Huang, Chiao Ling Hung, Yu Jung Tsai, Yu Kai Chang, Chien Ting Wu, Tsung Min Hung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This two stage study examined the effects of acute exercise on resting electroencephalographic (EEG) patterns of children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The first stage compared the neural oscillatory patterns of children with and without ADHD. Resting EEGs were recorded under an open-eyes condition from 24 boys with ADHD and 28 matched controls. The second stage of the study employed a randomized cross-over trial design. The 24 boys with ADHD engaged in a 30-min intervention that consisted of either running on a treadmill or watching a video on alternative days, with resting EEGs recorded before and after treatment. The first stage found that children with ADHD exhibited significantly higher theta/beta ratios over the midline electrodes sites than controls. The second stage further indicated that children with ADHD displayed smaller theta/beta ratios following the exercise condition compared with the video-watching condition. This finding suggests that acute exercise normalizes arousal and alertness of children with ADHD, as reflected in resting EEG readings.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)993-1002
Number of pages10
JournalChild Psychiatry and Human Development
Volume49
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Dec 1

Fingerprint

Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity
Exercise
Cross-Over Studies
Electroencephalography
Arousal
Running
Reading
Electrodes

Keywords

  • Cognitive benefits
  • EEG ratios
  • Inhibition
  • Physical activity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

Effects of Acute Exercise on Resting EEG in Children with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder. / Huang, Chung Ju; Huang, Ching Wen; Hung, Chiao Ling; Tsai, Yu Jung; Chang, Yu Kai; Wu, Chien Ting; Hung, Tsung Min.

In: Child Psychiatry and Human Development, Vol. 49, No. 6, 01.12.2018, p. 993-1002.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{3466fca59ec748cdbbeb756d940e8a3c,
title = "Effects of Acute Exercise on Resting EEG in Children with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder",
abstract = "This two stage study examined the effects of acute exercise on resting electroencephalographic (EEG) patterns of children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The first stage compared the neural oscillatory patterns of children with and without ADHD. Resting EEGs were recorded under an open-eyes condition from 24 boys with ADHD and 28 matched controls. The second stage of the study employed a randomized cross-over trial design. The 24 boys with ADHD engaged in a 30-min intervention that consisted of either running on a treadmill or watching a video on alternative days, with resting EEGs recorded before and after treatment. The first stage found that children with ADHD exhibited significantly higher theta/beta ratios over the midline electrodes sites than controls. The second stage further indicated that children with ADHD displayed smaller theta/beta ratios following the exercise condition compared with the video-watching condition. This finding suggests that acute exercise normalizes arousal and alertness of children with ADHD, as reflected in resting EEG readings.",
keywords = "Cognitive benefits, EEG ratios, Inhibition, Physical activity",
author = "Huang, {Chung Ju} and Huang, {Ching Wen} and Hung, {Chiao Ling} and Tsai, {Yu Jung} and Chang, {Yu Kai} and Wu, {Chien Ting} and Hung, {Tsung Min}",
year = "2018",
month = "12",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1007/s10578-018-0813-9",
language = "English",
volume = "49",
pages = "993--1002",
journal = "Child Psychiatry and Human Development",
issn = "0009-398X",
publisher = "Kluwer Academic/Human Sciences Press Inc.",
number = "6",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Effects of Acute Exercise on Resting EEG in Children with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder

AU - Huang, Chung Ju

AU - Huang, Ching Wen

AU - Hung, Chiao Ling

AU - Tsai, Yu Jung

AU - Chang, Yu Kai

AU - Wu, Chien Ting

AU - Hung, Tsung Min

PY - 2018/12/1

Y1 - 2018/12/1

N2 - This two stage study examined the effects of acute exercise on resting electroencephalographic (EEG) patterns of children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The first stage compared the neural oscillatory patterns of children with and without ADHD. Resting EEGs were recorded under an open-eyes condition from 24 boys with ADHD and 28 matched controls. The second stage of the study employed a randomized cross-over trial design. The 24 boys with ADHD engaged in a 30-min intervention that consisted of either running on a treadmill or watching a video on alternative days, with resting EEGs recorded before and after treatment. The first stage found that children with ADHD exhibited significantly higher theta/beta ratios over the midline electrodes sites than controls. The second stage further indicated that children with ADHD displayed smaller theta/beta ratios following the exercise condition compared with the video-watching condition. This finding suggests that acute exercise normalizes arousal and alertness of children with ADHD, as reflected in resting EEG readings.

AB - This two stage study examined the effects of acute exercise on resting electroencephalographic (EEG) patterns of children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The first stage compared the neural oscillatory patterns of children with and without ADHD. Resting EEGs were recorded under an open-eyes condition from 24 boys with ADHD and 28 matched controls. The second stage of the study employed a randomized cross-over trial design. The 24 boys with ADHD engaged in a 30-min intervention that consisted of either running on a treadmill or watching a video on alternative days, with resting EEGs recorded before and after treatment. The first stage found that children with ADHD exhibited significantly higher theta/beta ratios over the midline electrodes sites than controls. The second stage further indicated that children with ADHD displayed smaller theta/beta ratios following the exercise condition compared with the video-watching condition. This finding suggests that acute exercise normalizes arousal and alertness of children with ADHD, as reflected in resting EEG readings.

KW - Cognitive benefits

KW - EEG ratios

KW - Inhibition

KW - Physical activity

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85048057401&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85048057401&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s10578-018-0813-9

DO - 10.1007/s10578-018-0813-9

M3 - Article

C2 - 29872997

AN - SCOPUS:85048057401

VL - 49

SP - 993

EP - 1002

JO - Child Psychiatry and Human Development

JF - Child Psychiatry and Human Development

SN - 0009-398X

IS - 6

ER -