Effects of acute aerobic exercise on response preparation in a Go/No Go Task in children with ADHD: An ERP study

Lan Ya Chuang, Yu Jung Tsai, Yu Kai Chang, Chung Ju Huang, Tsung Min Hung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of acute exercise on reaction time and response preparation during a Go/No Go Task in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Methods: Nineteen children with ADHD (aged between 8 and 12 years old) undertook a 30-min intervention that consisted of treadmill running or video-watching presented in a counterbalanced order on different days. A Go/No Go Task was administrated after exercise or video-watching. Results: The results indicated a shorter reaction time and smaller contingent negative variation (CNV) 2 amplitude following exercise relative to the video-watching. For event related potential (ERP) analyses, greater CNV 1 and CNV 2 amplitudes in response to No Go stimuli in comparison to Go stimuli was observed in the video-watching session only. Conclusion: These findings suggest that acute exercise may benefit children with ADHD by developing appropriate response preparation, particularly in maintaining a stable motor preparatory set prior to performing the given task.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)82-88
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Sport and Health Science
Volume4
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Mar 1

Keywords

  • Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder
  • Attention orienting
  • Cognition
  • Contingent negative variation
  • Physical activity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

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