Effects of a combination of three-dimensional virtual reality and hands-on horticultural therapy on institutionalized older adults⇔ physical and mental health: quasi-experimental design

Tsung Yi Lin, Chiu Mieh Huang, Hsiao Pei Hsu, Jung Yu Liao, Vivian Ya Wen Cheng, Shih Wen Wang, Jong Long Guo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Institutionalized older adults have limited ability to engage in horticultural activities that can improve their physical and mental health. Objective: This study explored the effects of a combination of 3D virtual reality and horticultural therapy on institutionalized older adults’ physical and mental health. Methods: The study used a quasi-experimental design. A total of 106 older adults from 2 long-term care facilities were recruited and assigned to the experimental (n=59) or control (n=47) group. The experimental participants received a 9-week intervention. Both groups completed 3 assessments: at baseline, after the intervention, and 2 months later. The outcome variables included health status, meaning in life, perceived mattering, loneliness, and depression. Results: The experimental group demonstrated significantly improved health status (P<.001), meaning in life (P<.001), and perceived mattering (P<.001) as well as significantly reduced depression (P<.001) and loneliness (P<.001) compared to the control group immediately after the intervention; these effects persisted for up to 2 months. Conclusions: This study verified the beneficial effects of a combination of 3D virtual reality and hands-on horticultural therapy on older adults’ health. These results could support the future successful implementation of similar programs for institutionalized older adults on a larger scale.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere19002
JournalJournal of Medical Internet Research
Volume22
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Nov

Keywords

  • 3D VR
  • Horticultural therapy
  • Long-term care facility
  • Mental health
  • Older adults

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Informatics

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Effects of a combination of three-dimensional virtual reality and hands-on horticultural therapy on institutionalized older adults⇔ physical and mental health: quasi-experimental design'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this