Effect of disorder on the quantum coherence in mesoscopic wires

Y. Niimi, Y. Baines, T. Capron, D. Mailly, F. Y. Lo, A. D. Wieck, T. Meunier, L. Saminadayar, C. Bäuerle

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Abstract

We present phase coherence time measurements in quasi-one-dimensional mesoscopic wires made from high mobility two-dimensional electron gas. By implanting gallium ions into a GaAs/AlGaAs heterojunction we are able to vary the diffusion coefficient over 2 orders of magnitude. We show that in the diffusive limit, the decoherence time follows a power law as a function of diffusion coefficient as expected by theory. When the disorder is low enough so that the samples are semiballistic, we observe a new and unexpected regime in which the phase coherence time is independent of disorder. In addition, for all samples the temperature dependence of the phase coherence time follows a power law down to the lowest temperatures without any sign of saturation and this strongly suggests that the frequently observed low temperature saturation is not intrinsic.

Original languageEnglish
Article number226801
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Volume102
Issue number22
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Jun 1

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Niimi, Y., Baines, Y., Capron, T., Mailly, D., Lo, F. Y., Wieck, A. D., Meunier, T., Saminadayar, L., & Bäuerle, C. (2009). Effect of disorder on the quantum coherence in mesoscopic wires. Physical Review Letters, 102(22), [226801]. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.102.226801