Reduction in physical activity has been demonstrated to associate with the increased risk in insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes. To determine whether alteration in insulinemia, due to abstention from regular exercise training, is associated with changes in serum dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEA-S) and cortisol, 18 highly trained badminton players (21.2 ± 0.3 years) were enrolled into a 2-month detraining study. Fasting serum insulin, glucose, DHEA-S, and cortisol were determined at trained state and at day 60 of detraining. Glucose tolerance and insulin sensitivity were assessed by an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT). The 2-month detraining increased fasting glucose and insulin concentrations and body weight slightly, but did not significantly affect glucose tolerance and insulin response curve, in which 10 subjects had increased and 8 subjects had slightly decreased in the area under curve for insulin (IAUC). In the subjects with increased IAUC, serum cortisol was also elevated (from 0.44 ± 0.07 to 0.83 ± 0.26 U/1, P < 0.05) in parallel, and serum creatine kinase (CK) was unaltered during detraining. Whereas in the subjects with decreased IAUC, serum cortisol (from 0.51 ± 0.19 to 0.54 ± 0.14 U/l, no significance) was not changed and serum creatine kinase (from 461 ± 179 to 151 ± 21 U/l) was decreased during detraining. Two groups of detrained subjects exhibited a similar reduction in serum DHEA-S levels and slight elevation in body weight. The novel finding of the study is that the changes in serum cortisol, but not DHEA-S, were associated with the change in insulin sensitivity during early phase of lifestyle change from physically active to sedentary, and this response appears to be varied individually among athletes.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Chinese Journal of Physiology|
|Publication status||Published - 2006|
- Insulin resistance
- Physical inactivity
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physiology (medical)