Economic conditions of female-headed households in Taiwan in comparison with the United States and Sweden

Martha N. Ozawa, Yongwoo Lee, Kate Yeong Tsyr Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study investigated the economic conditions of female-headed households in Taiwan and compared them with those in the United States and Sweden in 2000. At the descriptive level, we investigated the socioeconomic backgrounds of the households, the rate of poverty, distributive effects of public and private transfers, and Gini coefficients at each stage of income distribution. We then conducted logistic regression analyses of the poverty rate at the last stage of income distribution. The major finding was that within the context of a small welfare state, Taiwan had the lowest poverty rate before transfers and the second lowest poverty rate after transfers of the three countries we studied. Moreover, at the last stage of income distribution, only two independent variables (education and work status of the household head) affected the poverty rate. We conclude that Taiwan, as one of the developmental welfare regimes in Asia, had created a different way of enhancing the economic wellbeing of female-headed households in the past, compared with the other two countries.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)63-74
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Comparative Social Welfare
Volume27
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Feb

Keywords

  • Female-headed households
  • Income status
  • Inter-country analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Urban Studies

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