Dynamic study of W atoms and clusters on W (1 1 1) surfaces

T. Y. Fu*, W. J. Weng, T. T. Tsong

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


Using a field ion microscope, the diffusion behaviors and atomic processes of W atoms and clusters on W (1 1 1) surfaces were observed directly. The activation energy of W clusters diffusion on W (1 1 1) as a function of cluster size has an oscillatory and increasing behavior. But, the activation energy of a single W atom is especially high. The compact geometric structures are more stable and have higher activation energies of surface diffusion than structures with extra atoms at the periphery. Besides the terrace diffusion, other atomic processes such as the ascending, descending, detachment motion on W (1 1 1) surfaces were also observed. Unlike the general systems, their occurrence temperatures are quite near. These experimental results were used to discuss the formation mechanism of single atom W tips.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7831-7834
Number of pages4
JournalApplied Surface Science
Issue number23
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Sept 30


  • Field ion microscopy
  • Single atom tip
  • Surface thermodynamics
  • Tungsten

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • General Physics and Astronomy
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films


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