Dual-crankshaft out-of-phase balanced drive mechanism applied to high-frequency scraping of high-density microcavities patterns

Shun Tong Chen*, Wei Yu Jhou

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


This study examines the development of a “dual-crankshaft out-of-phase balanced drive mechanism” and its application in the realization of high-frequency scraping in the production of highly precise, extremely dense microconcavity patterns. The high-density microcavity mold can produce micro-lens arrays, which achieve energy saving through the light-gathering effect. A monocrystalline diamond tool driven by the designed positive drive mechanism facilitates scraping at a high-frequency using positively reciprocated motion. To inhibit system vibration caused by a single crankshaft, a dual-crankshaft out-of-phase balanced drive mechanism is developed, which allows both the primary drive shaft and balance shaft to possess identical eccentric distance with their eccentric forces going in opposite directions. The design offsets the eccentric force made by revolution of the primary drive shaft against the simultaneous force made by the revolving balance shaft. Experiments show that when system vibration error is restrained to 1-μm, the single crankshaft tool reaches a drive frequency of 15 Hz. While under the dual-crankshaft out-of-phase setup, drive frequency reached up to 50 Hz. Further experimental results demonstrated that the dual-crankshaft out-of-phase balanced drive mechanism has the capability of scraping a vast microconcavity pattern with high-precision, -integrity and -consistency. Characteristic surface roughness of microcavities was below Ra 0.024 μm and feature edges were burr-free. In addition, this paper discusses in detail: the material shear rate, scraping force prediction, influences of the workpiece forward feed-rate and tool actuation frequency as well as the relationship between major and minor axes in microconcavity formation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1163-1180
Number of pages18
JournalInternational Journal of Precision Engineering and Manufacturing - Green Technology
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Jul


  • Dual-crankshaft out-of-phase
  • High-density microcavities
  • High-frequency scraping
  • Scraping force

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • General Materials Science
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Management of Technology and Innovation


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