Disyllabic verbal reduplication in Pazih-leftward or rightward?

Hui Shan Lin*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


This paper presents a novel analysis of disyllabic verbal reduplication in Pazih. Previous studies on Pazih disyllabic verbal reduplication have encountered problems trying to determine the reduplicant placement in terms of whether a verb is active or stative. In this paper, it is shown that the recognition of three functionally distinct reduplicative morphemes, REDpl(ural), REDcont(inuous), and REDint(ensive), which have been neglected in previous studies, contribute greatly in the generalization of the principle governing reduplicant placement. In particular, this paper shows that REDpl is normally prefixed to the root, while REDcont and REDint are infixed before the root final C; however, if marked segments/structures are generated under normal copying, the placement of the reduplicant shifts one syllable rightward or leftward. Thus, the various placements of REDpl, REDcont and REDint are driven by the need for reduplicants to be unmarked, which is not unique to Pazih but is observed universally.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)679-733
Number of pages55
JournalLanguage and Linguistics
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2010


  • Disyllabic verbal reduplication
  • Optimality theory
  • Pazih
  • Rightward reduplication

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Language and Linguistics
  • Linguistics and Language


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