Chiral rhodium catalysts comprising 2,5-diaryl- substituted bicyclo[2.2.1]diene ligands L1-L10 were utilized in the enantioselective 1,4-addition reaction of arylboronic acids to N-substituted maleimides. In the presence of 2.5mol % of RhI/L2, enantioenriched conjugate addition adducts were isolated in 72-99 % yields with 86-98 %ee. This protocol offers a convenient method to access a variety of 3-arylsuccinimides in a highly enantioselective manner. Maleimides with readily cleavable N-protecting groups were tolerated enabling the synthesis of useful synthetic intermediates. Pyrrolidine 4, a biologically active compound, and pyrrolidine 5, an ent-precursor to an HSD-1 inhibitor, were synthesized to demonstrate the utility of this method. The road to rhodium! Enantioselective conjugate addition of a range of arylboronic acids to variously N-substituted maleimides, catalyzed by RhI complexes prepared in situ using chiral bicyclo[2.2.1]diene ligands, afforded the corresponding 3-arylsuccinimides with up to 98 %ee at 50 C (see scheme).
- chiral ligands
- conjugate addition
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Organic Chemistry
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Gopula, B. (Creator), Yang, S. (Creator), Kuo, T. (Creator), Hsieh, J. (Creator), Wu, P. (Creator), Henschke, J. P. (Creator) & Wu, H. (Creator), Unknown Publisher, 2018