Dimensions That Characterize Supervisor Interventions Delivered in the Context of Live Supervision of Practicum Counselors

P. Paul Heppner, Dennis M. Kivlighan, Jeffery W. Burnett, Thomas R. Berry, Marianne Goedinghaus, Deborah J. Doxsee, Frederica Maria Hendricks, Lori Ann Krull, Gail E. Wright, Anna Maria Bellatin, Roxann Jean Durham, Allyson Tharp, Hoyoung Kim, Daniel Frederick Brossart, Li Fei Wang, Thomas Ezekiel Witty, Mark Hunter Kinder, James B. Hertel, David L. Wallace

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study empirically examined underlying dimensions from actual supervisory statements taken from interventions occurring during live supervision of counseling interviews. Twenty-seven supervisor interventions were identified and transcribed from the 3rd and 4th counseling sessions of 16 counseling dyads. Twenty-six judges sorted and rated these transcribed interventions. Multidimensional scaling revealed 6 dimensions that characterized the supervisor interventions. The dimensions were interpreted as (a) Directing-Instructing Versus Deepening, (b) Cognitive Clarification Versus Emotional Encouragement, (c) Confronting Versus Encouraging the Client, (d) Didactic-Distant Versus Emotionally Involved, (e) Joining With Versus Challenging the Trainee, and (f) Providing Direction Versus Resignation. The findings are discussed in relation to the supervision literature.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)227-235
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Counseling Psychology
Volume41
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1994 Apr 1
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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    Heppner, P. P., Kivlighan, D. M., Burnett, J. W., Berry, T. R., Goedinghaus, M., Doxsee, D. J., Hendricks, F. M., Krull, L. A., Wright, G. E., Bellatin, A. M., Durham, R. J., Tharp, A., Kim, H., Brossart, D. F., Wang, L. F., Witty, T. E., Kinder, M. H., Hertel, J. B., & Wallace, D. L. (1994). Dimensions That Characterize Supervisor Interventions Delivered in the Context of Live Supervision of Practicum Counselors. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 41(2), 227-235. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-0167.41.2.227