Dimension effects of enclosures on ecological processes in pelagic systems

Gry Mine Berg, Patricia M. Glibert, Chung-Chi Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

25 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Several characteristics inherent to experimental ecosystems were examined for their influence on ecological processes in five cylindrical indoor benthic-pelagic enclosures of different size and shape. Ecosystem development diverged significantly among the mesocosm dimensions even though environmental parameters such as surface photosynthetically available radiation (400-700 nm), turbulence intensity, water exchange rate, and nutrient input were held constant across systems. Here we show that factors that lead to the development of different plankton assemblages can be related to mesocosm geometry. The ratio of light-receiving surface area-to-water column volume (A(s) : V) was shown to control both the rate of NO3/- consumption and gross primary productivity. The attenuation of water column irradiance was positively correlated with the wall area-to-volume ratio (A(w) : V). This was manifested in greater light attenuation in systems with a high A(w) : V ratio. In addition, notably greater microalgal biomass developed on the walls in systems with a high A(w) : V ratio. Finally, the total surface area-to-volume ratio (A(t) : V) of the mesocosms influenced the rate of energy gain and dissipation and water column temperature. The differences in temperature among dimensions possibly affected biological parameters such as bacterial biomass. Although the influence of area-to-volume effects on biological components in artificial systems may be substantial, our analysis indicates that some of these effects may be predictable and that future experiments can be explicitly designed to minimize artifacts of enclosure.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1331-1340
Number of pages10
JournalLimnology and Oceanography
Volume44
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1999 Jul 1

Fingerprint

water column
mesocosm
surface area
water
light attenuation
ecosystems
ecosystem
biomass
water exchange
exchange rate
irradiance
artifact
plankton
primary productivity
dissipation
temperature
turbulence
geometry
productivity
effect

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oceanography
  • Aquatic Science

Cite this

Dimension effects of enclosures on ecological processes in pelagic systems. / Berg, Gry Mine; Glibert, Patricia M.; Chen, Chung-Chi.

In: Limnology and Oceanography, Vol. 44, No. 5, 01.07.1999, p. 1331-1340.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Berg, Gry Mine ; Glibert, Patricia M. ; Chen, Chung-Chi. / Dimension effects of enclosures on ecological processes in pelagic systems. In: Limnology and Oceanography. 1999 ; Vol. 44, No. 5. pp. 1331-1340.
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