Developmental traits of impulse control behavior in school children under controlled attention, motor function, and perception

Hsin Yung Chen, Ling Fu Meng*, Yawen Yu, Chen Chi Chen, Li Yu Hung, Shih Che Lin, Huang Ju Chi

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This research surveyed the characteristics of the developmental traits of impulse control behavior in children through parent-report questionnaires. After matching for gender and attention behavior, as well as controlling for variables (motor and perception) which might confound impulse control, 710 participants (355 girls and 355 boys; grade, 1–5; age, 7–12 years) were recruited from a database of 1763 children. Results demonstrated that there was a significant difference between grade 1 and grade 5 in impulse control. Conversely, no significant differences were found when comparing other grades. The present findings indicate that a striking development of impulse control occurs from grade 4 to 5. Moreover, the plateau of impulse control development from grade 1 to 4 implies that a long transition period is needed to prepare children to develop future impulse control. In conclusion, the age-dependent maturation associated with stage-wise development is a critical characteristic of impulse control development in school age children. Further discussions are made regarding this characteristic, such as from the perspective of frontal lobe development.

Original languageEnglish
Article number922
JournalChildren
Volume8
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Oct

Keywords

  • Developmental trait
  • Impulsive behavior
  • Inhibition
  • School age

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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