In this work, an experiment was carried out to investigate the preparation condition of anisotropic Fe-deficient M-type Ca-Sr-La system ferrite with optimum magnetic and physical properties using the raw material Fe2O3 from steel industrial iron oxide waste. The compositions of the calcined ferrites were chosen according to the stoichiometry Ca1-x-y LaxSryFe10.9CozO19, where M-type single-phase calcined powder was synthesized with a composition of x = 0.45 , y = 0.18 , and z= 0. The effect of CaO, SiO2, and Co3O4 inter-additives on the Ca-Sr-La system ferrite was also discussed in order to obtain lowerature sintered magnets. The magnetic properties of Br = 4570 Gauss, bHc = 4320 Oe, iHc = 5260 Oe, and ( BH )max= 5.16 MGOe were obtained for Ca-Sr-La system hard magnets with low cobalt content at 1.85 wt%. The magnetic properties of the prepared magnets really good compared to that of the traditional Sr-La-cobalt (Co) M-type ferrite, which has been the highest grade M-type hard ferrite. The remarkable steel industrial iron oxide waste Fe2O3 is recycled to produce high-end permanent magnets under an output power of < 1 kW, which will eventually be used in high-efficiency motors.
- circular economy
- hard ferrite
- iron oxide powder
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering