Development and validation of the perception of students towards online learning (POSTOL)

Kaushal Kumar Bhagat, Leon Yufeng Wu, Chun-Yen Chang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In the twenty-first century, online learning has evolved as a worldwide platform to connect, collaborate and engage users in the learning process. Online learning today is integrated with social network connectivity, which builds an ecosystem for interaction between students, teachers, and professors from every corner of the world, providing them with free and accessible online resources. However, in order to promote active engagement of the learners and delivery of meaningful learning in the online learning settings, it is also necessary to determine students' perceptions towards online learning. The aim of this study was to develop a scale for determining students' perceptions of online learning (POSTOL). This scale consists of four dimensions: instructor characteristics, social presence, instructional design, and trust. Research data was collected from 208 Taiwan university students. In order to determine the validity of the scale, exploratory factor analysis, and confirmatory factor analysis and item discrimination was used. Results showed that the POSTOL is a valid and reliable instrument. The implications of the present study are important for instructional designers, educators, and institutions that are planning to offer, or are currently offering, online courses.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)350-359
Number of pages10
JournalEducational Technology and Society
Volume19
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Jan 1

Fingerprint

Students
learning
student
Factor analysis
factor analysis
Ecosystems
twenty-first century
student teacher
Planning
learning process
Taiwan
social network
instructor
discrimination
university teacher
educator
planning
university
interaction
resources

Keywords

  • Instructional design
  • Instructor characteristics
  • Online learning
  • Social presence
  • Trust

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Engineering(all)

Cite this

Development and validation of the perception of students towards online learning (POSTOL). / Bhagat, Kaushal Kumar; Wu, Leon Yufeng; Chang, Chun-Yen.

In: Educational Technology and Society, Vol. 19, No. 1, 01.01.2016, p. 350-359.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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