Development and validation of an instrument for exploring Taiwanese undergraduates' approaches to Internet-based learning

Yu Chih Tsao, Chi Ling Wu, Min Hsien Lee

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Few studies have developed questionnaires that attempt to assess approaches to learning in the context of Internet-based learning. To obtain a better understanding of undergraduates' approaches to Internet-based learning, this study aimed to develop and validate the Approaches to Internet-based Learning (AIL) instrument which was created by referring to the qualitative results of Ellis' (2011) research and the structure of Lee et al.'s (2008) Approaches to Learning Science questionnaire. The AIL consists of the six factors of "deep motive," "criticism and evaluation", "reflection and integration," "surface motive," "collecting and summarizing," and "replicating information." In addition, the former three factors could be categorized as "Deep approaches to Internet-based learning" while the latter three could be grouped into "Surface approaches to Internet-based learning." To establish the reliability and validity of the AIL and to confirm its second-order structure as hypothesized in this study, exploratory factor analysis and second-order confirmatory factor analysis were conducted. A total of 598 undergraduates from seven Taiwanese universities participated in this study. The results support our hypothesized second-order structure of the AIL and indicate that the instrument items have good reliability and validity. We also found that the Taiwanese undergraduates tended to adopt deep approaches to Internet-based learning. The newly developed AIL could provide educators with a valid instrument to examine students' approaches to Internet-based learning.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationWorkshop Proceedings of the 22nd International Conference on Computers in Education, ICCE 2014
EditorsThepchai Supnithi, Siu Cheung Kong, Ying-Tien Wu, Tomoko Kojiri, Chen-Chung Liu, Hiroaki Ogata, Akihiro Kashihara
PublisherAsia-Pacific Society for Computers in Education
Pages518-522
Number of pages5
ISBN (Electronic)9784990801427
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Externally publishedYes
Event22nd International Conference on Computers in Education, ICCE 2014 - Nara, Japan
Duration: 2014 Nov 302014 Dec 4

Publication series

NameWorkshop Proceedings of the 22nd International Conference on Computers in Education, ICCE 2014

Other

Other22nd International Conference on Computers in Education, ICCE 2014
Country/TerritoryJapan
CityNara
Period2014/11/302014/12/04

Keywords

  • Approaches to Internet-based learning

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science Applications
  • Human-Computer Interaction
  • Education

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