Development and behavioral pattern analysis of a mobile guide system with augmented reality for painting appreciation instruction in an art museum

Kuo-En Chang, Chia Tzu Chang, Huei Tse Hou, Yao-Ting Sung, Huei Lin Chao, Cheng Ming Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

146 Citations (Scopus)


A mobile guide system that integrates art appreciation instruction with augmented reality (AR) was designed as an auxiliary tool for painting appreciation, and the learning performance of three groups of visiting participants was explored: AR-guided, audio-guided, and nonguided (i.e., without carrying auxiliary devices). The participants were 135 college students, and a quasi-experimental research design was employed. Several learning performance factors of the museum visitors aided with different guided modes were evaluated, including their learning effectiveness, flow experience, the amount of time spent focusing on the paintings, behavioral patterns, and attitude of using the guide systems. The results showed that compared to the audio- and nonguided participants, the AR guide effectively enhanced visitors' learning effectiveness, promoted their flow experience, and extended the amount of time the visitors spent focusing on the paintings. In addition, the visitors' behavioral patterns were dependent upon the guided mode that they used; the visitors who were the most engaged in the gallery experience were those who were using the AR guide. Most of the visitors using the mobile AR-guide system elicited positive responses and acceptance attitudes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)185-197
Number of pages13
JournalComputers and Education
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Jan 1



  • Applications in subject areas
  • Architectures for educational technology system
  • Interactive learning environments
  • Teaching/learning strategies

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science(all)
  • Education

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